Admire the beautiful four-season patterns of Japanese kimonos

Spring:

Plum: Although today’s flower viewing festivals focus on cherry blossoms, plum blossoms are also an indispensable part of spring. Before the Nara period (710-94) the Japanese word for flower ‘hana’ was the word reserved for plum blossoms. Plum trees bloom in winter, so in Japanese culture, seeing plum blossoms also means that a new year is coming.

Peacock: Peacock motifs often appear on typical furisode costumes for young women. Peacock motifs were very popular in recent times such as the Meiji period (1868-1912) and Showa period (1926-88) due to European influence.

Flower basket: Kusudama is a decorative bag that often contains medicinal herbs or spices. The design of the bags was influenced by Chinese culture during the Heian period (794-1185) and they were considered symbols of good fortune.

Peony: Considered the king of all flowers, peony was brought to Japan by the Chinese during the Nara period. However, in painting and design, Japan is the country that makes peonies become everyone’s favorite flower.

Hanakago flower basket: Bamboo baskets, also known as hanakago, have appeared in the daily lives of Japanese people for thousands of years. They are beautiful but also very convenient, especially bamboo baskets are used to hold flowers picked in the spring, so they become a popular motif of spring kimonos.

Summer:

Lilies: Even though lilies are very beautiful but they do not appear much in the history of kimono design. The use of lilies became popular during the Taisho and Showa period (1912-88), which can be said to be achieved thanks to the popularity of flowers from Europe.

Bamboo: Tall and elegant bamboo is the symbol of many seasons and the most characteristic of summer. Maybe it’s because so many people love the cool and crispy sweet taste of summer bamboo shoots that has made bamboo so widely used.

Insects: Insect motifs are often used on formal and everyday kimonos because they represent water. Dragonflies are the most common insects in late summer.

Autumn:

Chrysanthemum: No other flower has as big and wide an impact on the kimono world as the chrysanthemum. In Japan this flower is a symbol of longevity and rejuvenation. The Chinese brought chrysanthemums to Japan during the Nara period. To this day, the chrysanthemum is the symbol of Japanese royalty.

Grapes: Fruits and nuts are considered symbols for the prosperity of the autumn harvest, and the most typical fruit is grapes. The budo-risu mon grape cluster motif is a commonly used motif with the meaning of good luck and family continuity.

Maple leaves : If hanami is for spring, then momiji-garu – leaf viewing – is for autumn. This colorful season of changing leaves lasts longer than the short season of peach blossoms. It is also a time when people slow down.

The Tale of Genji: During the Heian period, carts were the main means of transportation for Japanese aristocrats. On kimonos, these vehicles are often depicted in scenes from the Genji story. Written in the 11th century, the story of Genji is considered the world’s first novel.

Folding fans: Folding fans were developed by Japan and brought to China in the early 10th century. Folding fans have long been an indispensable symbol of Japan, meaning prosperity and development. and expand.

Winter:

Phoenix: The phoenix is ​​a bird that symbolizes many meanings. According to Chinese characters, it carries the meaning of fire and femininity, which makes the phoenix motif an important motif in kimonos. It is a symbol of loyalty, wisdom and generosity.

Admire the painting beautiful four seasons of Japanese kimono - 15

Camellia: Even though it is a pattern In Japanese, camellia means ‘spring flower’. Blooming camellia heralds the approaching warm season and using camellia motifs in winter means congratulations.

Toy box: Everyday items used as motifs in kimono design. Toys and tools decorated with flowers are winter motifs suitable for both adults and children.

Japanese Tancho Crane : There is nothing more Japanese than the image of this bird. Cranes have long been respected by the Japanese for their mysterious elegance. They are considered to bring special luck at weddings.