Emotional Intelligence Quotient (EQ-Emotional Quotient)

This test includes 133 affirmative questions on which the “candidate” must answer according to a scale from 1 to 5 (from completely agree to completely disagree).

These statements  “target” five aspects. different sides of the “contestant” :

            contact yourself

            contact others

            ability to immerse yourself depending on the situation

            stress management capabilities

            everyday moods.

Bar-On EQ-i  “scoring”  by comparing the answers with the accumulated facts  with the results “average” results of people who have taken the test in the past to determine the emotional intelligence quotient of the individual taking the test.
This method of “scoring”  and assigning an emotional intelligence index has not yet been validated by the scientific community.  One ​​of the reasons is because Bar₫On EQ-i’s memory only has the results of people who have taken the test rather than the results of a representative sample of the population (échantillon représentative de la population). Thus, the emotional intelligence index may not be truthful.

The employee recruitment departments of international economic and investment corporations are currently loyal customers of emotional index test. In addition, these tests are not or have not been applied in other places because there is no clear evidence.

Of course when recruiting a human resources director, a spokesperson for the agency, a negotiator… I will choose candidates with high emotional abilities.

But emotional abilities and other abilities cannot be applied to education or human resource training as “formulas”. “omnipotent” style that advertisers present on television or newspapers but must carefully research the target audience, context, media… before putting it into practice.

Emotional intelligence applications at home and at school ?

In Belgium, emotional quotient testing and emotional intelligence applications are not currently implemented directly in education. But there is a way indirectly respecting the rights of students, using student-centered pedagogy or mediation in school violence… are applications in which schools must focus on students’ emotional intelligence. student.

Applied in education, we respect the way our students learn and we respect their emotions during the learning process. Dialogue and teaching according to children’s needs, causing enthusiasm and interest… are smart ways to “take advantage” of children’s emotions to learn and teach together better.

In the US, there are several authors (Richardson & Evans1997Coover & Murphy2000) presenting pilot schools applying emotional intelligence to teach children of many different races and social classes   better communicate with each other to be more successful in the learning process.

Family is an important environment for developing emotional intelligence because in theory, children begin to form an individual very early, define themselves and learn how to live in society thanks to the family. first.

If children are in a peaceful family, are respected, are listened to and understood, are explained, and have parents who give them models to behave properly with each other… children will cry less and be able to express their feelings. sooner  be less stressed, get along better in school later and in short: have greater emotional intelligence.

A classic example: a baby living in a family like the one above will not cling to his mother’s shirt on his first day of school, but will Again, I will confidently leave my parents to play with other children or hold hands with a new teacher. That’s because I have a very clear personal consciousness, can control my emotions  have the ability to understand the situation and quickly understand the new environment “knowing who knows ta” said in Vietnamese style or compétence intrapersonnelle and compétence interpersonnelle (the ability to know oneself and the ability to know others) according to Goleman – the author we mentioned above.  

Relation between intelligence quotient and emotional quotient – IQ and EQ ?

The concept of emotional intelligence appeared around the 1990s, that is, it was still very new when we started to see that some people with high IQ are considered intellectually intelligent, but not successful in life. On the contrary, there are other people with average IQ but reaping many good results. 

On the other hand, negative criticism about the limitations of the IQ tests make people look for other explanations about human abilities.

And the first hypothesis emerges:  through emotional intelligence?

Currently there is no research to show whether is related (if IQ is high, EQ is also high) or exclusion (high in one means low in that) between these two types of intelligence.

Here I do not return to comments about the relative value of IQ. Although relativeIQ  measures intellectual ability, which means the ability to speak, reason, analyze problems…to find solutions. IQ tests have for a century provided scientific evidence confirming their value as well as their limitations.

So currently we can only say based on Gadner’s concepts that humans have many types of intelligence, not just intellectual abilities.

Personal feelingsemotionspatienceself-enthusiasminterestlove for others as well as boredomanger… are components of the individual.

Capabilities  Being aware of the other person’s feelings, sympathizing with the other person… helps us solve problems better.


It’s all a multi-faceted mixture of intelligence and emotion…

But we have to wait for scientific evidence before asserting that emotional intelligence is the key to success.

In the meantime maybe we should help or “teach” Parents should pay attention to the importance of contact with their children and not rely on the school to improve their child’s emotional intelligence.

                                                             Nguyen Huynh Mai