Road 20 – Determined to win, legendary road!

Road 20 – Quyet Thang starts from Km 00 in Phong Nha village, Son Trach commune, Bo Trach district (Quang Binh) located next to the blue Son river to Lum Bum junction (Ang – Kham district, province Kham Muon, Laos) and then connects with Road 9. With a length of 125 km, Road 20 – Quyet Thang is considered an important hub in the transportation strategy of the historic Ho Chi Minh Trail.

This was a route that was surveyed and constructed during a time of fierce war and was attacked by the enemy all day long. night. It can be said that the road surface is mixed with blood, bones, sweat and tears of Truong Son soldiers and TNXP forces.

There are more than 8,000 soldiers, officers and technical workers of the Regiment. 4 Regiment 5 Regiment 10 and Regiment 41 of the engineering army (559th Army) along with construction site 20 of the Ministry of Transport including mechanized units of TNXP units of Quang Binh province Ha Tinh Nghe An Thanh Hoa and Ha Nam Ninh with 519,280 labor days digging and filling 915,913 m3 of soil and rock to bridge the gap and stream to open a 125 km long road.

After many days and nights of hard work cutting mountains to bridge the bridge on May 5/ May 1966, Route 20 – Determined to Win was opened. Next, the border gate for traffic on Road 20 passing the majestic Truong Son peak was opened. Thousands of motorized convoys transport human and human resources to all battlefields, especially the Southern battlefield.

Realizing the strategic location and importance of this route, the American enemy regularly focused on fierce attacks day and night with all kinds of bombs and aircraft, including B52s. Every day they threw 30 to 40 bombs, some weeks they threw 50,000 bombs at key places like A-shaped curves. In particular, they hit key A.T.P key points in Tra Ang at a height of 150 m and a length of 5 km. point from Km 00 to Km 10 Km 14.

There are times when it is not possible to transfer gasoline directly to the center but must roll each tank of gasoline down the stream along the Tra Ang stream to Km 14 Km 13 and then drag it again. reverse and lift up each drum of gasoline.

In just 6 days alone (from September 25 to October 1, 1968), our soldiers and volunteer forces pulled 30 drums of gasoline to the location. At the gathering, 29 people died because of the American enemy’s bombs.

At the key group A.T.P (the A-shaped underground section of Ta Le and Phu La Nhich pass) there was a period of American enemy bombing all the time. 87 days and nights injured and sacrificed hundreds of people. Truong Son book Memory Land, page 5, volume 2, People’s Army Publishing House wrote: “Since November 5, 1968, at A.T.P, every day and night, 25 – 30 times, 65 – 70 times, the B52 spread the carpet.” The reconnaissance diary recorded: “On November 25, 1968, they fought 52 battles, 51 times with the B52, 9 times with the C130, 28 times with the F4, they threw 13 thousand tons of bombs and ammunition of all kinds into the A-shaped underground Ta Le…”.

Particularly at Km 16 + 200 on November 14, 1972, a series of American missiles shot down, collapsing the door of a cave, killing 8 volunteers. In addition, there are countless heroic sacrifices of thousands of Truong Son TNXP soldiers on fire coordinates along route 20

During the business trip Returning to Tam Co Cave to pay tribute to the AHLS Volunteers who heroically sacrificed their lives here, we coincidentally met a group of former Volunteers from Thanh Hoa, Quang Binh provinces who fought on Route 20 – Determined to Win to revisit the old battlefield. They walked single file, gently placing each step on the road surface for fear of breaking the sacred, quiet atmosphere of glass-covered silence along a vast range of Truong Son mountains. “There are our comrades lying somewhere in the middle of these sacred forests,” Ms. Duong Thi Thanh Phuc in Thanh Hoa province, TNXP Infantry Station 14, Group 559, was moved.

Memories brought her back to the past. fierce at the A-shaped crab in the past: “The enemy raided all day and night, one day they fought 20 consecutive battles using B52 aircraft. At night, they release white flares to prevent people and vehicles from passing. Here, C5 TNXP Team 25 pinned down many people who sacrificed their lives. Afraid that C5 could endure too much, the Command of TNXP Team 25 decided to replace it with another unit. Hearing that the entire C5 bit her finger and drew blood, she wrote a letter of determination and swore: “Determining to die for the victory of the A-shaped crab.”

Ms. Nguyen Thi Sen, former TNXP of C7 Quang Ninh (Quang Binh province) ) was present on Street 20 in the period 1965 – 1972. Meeting Mrs. Phuc again after more than 40 years, it was more than 40 years before Mrs. Sen returned to Street 20. “Your youth is closely tied to Street 20. It can be said that that you are truly proud to live a beautiful life, a life of dedication, a life surrounded by the love of comrades and comrades on the Truong Son roads. Coming here, I would like to gently light incense sticks to pay tribute to my former comrades,” Ms. Sen confided.

During that long resistance war, Route 20 – Determined to Win was associated with the slogans: “Stay alive.” the path of death is resilient and courageous” “When the enemy destroys us, fix us” “All for the South, all for the sake of victory” has become a source of spiritual encouragement that creates boundless strength accomplished a feat that was legendary for a time: “Cutting along Truong Son to save the country” created glorious miracles that contributed to the great victory of our nation.

The war has been over for more than 40 years, and heroic martyrs in their twenties in this road of fire have sacrificed themselves to clear and protect the route to ensure the support of human resources and resources for the Southern battlefield. flesh and blood for the solidarity of the three brotherly countries of Vietnam – Laos – Cambodia, sharing forever and ever, to liberate the South and unify the Fatherland so that we can have a beautiful life like today.

Dang Tai – Ngo Long