Kusvibiswa kwezvakatipoteredza: Tora chiito ikozvino kuchengetedza pasi rakasvibirira

Maererano neUNICEF, kusvibiswa kwezvakatipoteredza kuri kuitika pasi rose, kunyanya munyika dzichiri kusimukira, kusanganisira Vietnam. Chokwadi Kusvibiswa kwezvakatipoteredza Parizvino munyika yedu iri mumamiriro ezvinhu anotyisa, ari kuitika mumatunhu mazhinji nemaguta, kunyanya kusvibiswa kwemvura uye kusvibiswa kwemhepo. Ngatidzidzei nezve kusvibiswa kwezvakatipoteredza uye nzira yekuigadzirisa kuchengetedza iyo green planet.

Chii chinonzi kusvibiswa kwezvakatipoteredza? Ndezvipi zvikonzero zvekusvibiswa kwezvakatipoteredza?

Chii chinonzi kusvibiswa kwezvakatipoteredza?

Kusvibiswa kwezvakatipoteredza
Kusvibiswa kwemhoteredzo kuri panguva inotyisa

Kusvibiswa kwezvakatipoteredza chiitiko umo nharaunda yakasikwa ine tsvina, zvichitungamira kune dzakatevedzana dzekushatiswa kwezvinhu zvakaita sevhu, mvura, mhepo, uye chiedza. Izvi zvinoshandura muviri, makemikari uye zvipenyu zvipenyu zvezvakatipoteredza, zvichidaro zvichikanganisa hutano hwevanhu uye zvimwe zvipenyu.

Zvinokonzera kusvibiswa kwezvakatipoteredza

Kusvibiswa kwezvakatipoteredza

Kusimukira kwehupfumi

Kuvandudzwa kwemaindasitiri, kunyanya maindasitiri anosvibisa senge indasitiri yemakemikari, indasitiri yemachira, kugadzirwa kwemotokari uye midhudhudhu, kugadzirwa kwe pulp nemapepa, kugadzirwa kwezvinhu zvekuvaka, magirazi e ceramics; kugadzirwa kwemapuranga.. zvichiita kuti kusvibiswa kwezvakatipoteredza kushanduke nokukurumidza uye kuve kwakaoma kudzora.  

Kubudirira kwehupfumi ndicho chikonzero chikuru che kusvibiswa kwemvura. Zvichitevera kukurumidza kusimukira kwemaindasitiri, takatarisana nedambudziko rekugadzirisa matani mamiriyoni maviri emarara emumaindasitiri ayo anorasirwa mumatsime emvura pasi rose mazuva ose. 

Zuva nezuva tsvina yemumba

Kunze kwemarara emumaindasitiri, kusvibiswa kwemhoteredzo kuri kuramba kuchiwedzera kunobva mumarara edu emazuva ese. Chikonzero chikuru chinokonzerwa nekukura kwakasimba kwevanhu uye kuwedzera kwehuwandu hwevanhu. Kunyanya mazuvano, tiri kushandisa mabhegi epurasitiki muhupenyu hwedu hwezuva nezuva. Nilon haigoni kuora munguva pfupi, uye kana yakavigwa muvhu, ivo vachagadzira rusvingo rwakaparadzana muvhu, nokudaro vachisvibisa nharaunda yevhu. Izvi zvinoita kuti ivhu ridzikire, kuva neacidity, uye goho regoho riderere.

Nzira yekufambisa

Zvifambiso zvemudhorobha ndizvo zvinokonzeresa kusvibiswa kwemhepo.Pakati penzira dzekufambisa, midhudhudhu nemidhudhudhu inotora chikamu chikuru uye zvakare ndidzo dzinoburitsa zvinosvibisa. Imo, midhudhudhu inokonzera kusvibiswa kwezvakatipoteredza kuburikidza nekubudisa huwandu hwakawanda hweCO neVOC, nepo marori nemotokari dzinotakura dzinobudisa yakawanda NO2, SO2.

Kushandisa fossil zvinhu

Fossil fuels mafuta ane high content of carbon and hydrocarbons like methane, liquid parafini, marasha, etc. Izvi zviwanikwa zvisingadzokerike uye pasi rinotora mamiriyoni emakore kuzvisika. Naizvozvo, vanhu vanovavarira kuwana magetsi akachena, anovandudzwa zvakare asingatambise zviwanikwa uye anobatsira kuderedza kusvibiswa kwezvakatipoteredza.

Makemikari pakudiridza

Kushandiswa kwenguva refu kwemakemikari mukurima kunokonzeresa kusvibiswa kwevhu kwakanyanya. Huwandu hwemanyowa nemakemikari ekudiridza anorasirwa mumhoteredzo, anoungana mumadhamu nenzizi zvinosvibisawo mvura yepasi, uye zvinoparadza chimiro chevhu, zvichiita kuti ivhu riome uye rive nyore kukukurwa. 

Kukuvadza kwekusvibiswa kwezvakatipoteredza

Ozone layer perforation

Ozone layer igwara rakakora kwazvo reO3 gasi rakatenderedza pasi, richishanda semutsara wekudzivirira pasi kubva pamwaranzi yeultraviolet yezuva. Kana mhoteredzo yakasvibiswa, ichaita kuti greenhouse effect, iite kuti ozone layer irove nekufamba kwenguva. Mamiriro ezvinhu aya anotungamirira kumigumisiro yakakomba yakawanda yakadai se:  

Zvinokanganisa kuwanda kwemvura paNyika, zvichiita kuti inyunguduke nekukasira zvokonzera kushaikwa kwemvura yakachena yekushandisa mudzimba kana kugadzira. 

Mhedzisiro yemhepo yakasviba uye yakanyanya ultraviolet mwaranzi ichaita kuti marudzi mazhinji ezvipenyu asakwanise kuchinjika kana nzvimbo yavo yachinja kamwe kamwe, zvichiita kuti ishaye simba uye zvishoma nezvishoma iparare. 

Mukuwedzera, kusvibiswa kwezvakatipoteredza kunokonzerawo moto wemasango kuti uitike kakawanda, kukoromoka kwemakomo, uye mvura yepasi mumapako iri kuramba ichipera ... Izvi zvinonyanya kukanganisa ecosystem, kushandura zvinhu zvayo.yenyika, kushandura ecosystem kusvika pamwero mukuru.

Xem thm  Kusvibiswa kwemvura uye zvinokanganisa hutano hwevanhu

Kusvibiswa kwevhu kunokanganisa zvirimwa nemhuka, uye kuhutano hwevanhu, kunyanya chepfu, kusanganisira chepfu yakaoma uye chepfu chisingaperi nezvimwe zvirwere, kusanganisira gomarara.

Kukonzera greenhouse effect

Zviitwa zvevanhu zvekugara, bhizinesi, kugadzirwa uye kushandiswa zvakawedzera zvakanyanya, izvo zvichawedzera kuwanda kwe CO2 uye tembiricha yemhepo ichave zvakare yakakwirira. Izvi zvinoita kuti Nyika ripise, kuwedzera tembiricha yepasi, kukwira kwegungwa, kupindira kwemvura yemunyu kunoitika kakawanda. Kuchinja Kwemamiriro ekunze njodzi dzinongoitika dzoga dzakadai semafashamo uye kusanaya kwemvura kunoitika kakawanda, mafashamo anokonzera kukoromoka kwevhu munzvimbo dziri mumhenderekedzo yegungwa, nzizi nehova, uye kusanaya kwemvura kunoita kuti zvitubu zvemvura zviome uye pasi pakaoma. 

Pesvedzero pavanhu

Utano hwevanhu huri kutyisidzirwawo zvakanyanya apo zvirwere zvinoramba zvichiwedzera. Zuva rinopisa uye mvura inonaya zvakanaka mamiriro ekuti mabhakitiriya nema microorganisms akure.

Zvipembenene nezvirwere zviri kuramba zvichinetsa kurapa

Zvipembenene nezvirwere zvezvirimwa zvevhu zvinogona kukamurwa kuita mapoka akaita sefungi, mabhakitiriya, mavhairasi, uye nematodes izvo zviri kuramba zvichinetsa kurapa nekuda kwekuchinja kwezvakatipoteredza nemamiriro ekugara. Izvi zvinoita kuti tishandise mishonga inouraya zvipembenene yakawanda, zvichiita kuti mamiriro ekusvibiswa kwezvakatipoteredza awedzere.

Kuwedzera kwezvirwere

Zvirwere zvakawanda zvinoitika, zvakaoma kuva nekurapa kwakakwana kwakadai sefuruwenza A H5N1, furuwenza A H1N1, SAR CoV 1, SAR CoV 2. Ichi zvakare chimwe chemigumisiro nekuda kwekusvibiswa kwezvakatipoteredza, kunotyisidzira hupenyu hwemarudzi akawanda emhuka. , kusanganisira vanhu.

Ndedzipi nzira dzazvino dzekusvibisa kwezvakatipoteredza?

Kusvibiswa kwezvakatipoteredza
Shandisa kusvibiswa kwemhoteredzo kwazvino munyika

Kusvibiswa kwemhepo

Kusvibiswa kwemhepo shanduko mukuumbwa kwemhepo zvakanyanya nekuda kwehutsi neguruva kubva munzvimbo dzekugadzira maindasitiri senge midhudhudhu, mota, majenareta, zvimba zvekupisa, zvidyarwa zvemagetsi ekupisa, uye marara. Izvi zvinoita kuti mhepo isvibiswe nehutsi, guruva uye ibudise hwema husingafadzi, inoderedza kuonekwa, uye inokonzera kuchinja kwemamiriro ekunze. Vanopfuura 90% yehuwandu hwepasi rose vanogara munzvimbo dzine mhepo yakashata kudarika WHO inokurudzira, zvichiita kuti vanopfuura mamiriyoni mana vanofa kubva mukusvibiswa kwemhepo gore negore. 

Kusvibiswa kwemvura

Kusvibiswa kwemvura ndiko kunobva mvura mumadhamu, madziva, nzizi, hova, migero, migero, mvura yepasi, gungwa.... zvine chepfu muhuwandu hwakawandisa izvo zvine njodzi kuhutano hwevanhu nemhuka.

Chikonzero chekusvibiswa kwemvura imhaka yekuti nzvimbo dzekugadzira maindasitiri, vanhu ... nekuda kwemhindu yakakura uye mutengo wekugadzirisa kwezvakatipoteredza, vakarasira tsvina yakawanda isina kucheneswa mumadhamu. Panguva imwe cheteyo, mabasa okuredza achishandisa zvinoputika nemakemikari ane chepfu kuti ashandise zvizere zviwanikwa zvemumvura akachinja gadziriro yezvipenyu, zvichikonzera kusvibiswa kwakakomba kwezvakatipoteredza.

Kusvibiswa kwevhu

Kusvibiswa kwevhu kunokonzerwa nekusvibiswa kwemvura, iyo inokonzerwawo nekuvapo kwe xenobiotics (yakagadzirwa nemunhu) kana zvimwe zvinoshanduka mumamiriro evhu echisikigo zvinosvibisa ivhu. Izvi zvinoita kuti ivhu riite grey, kuoma, kupupa furo, kutsvuka, uye kuita tumapunga tune makomba... zvichiita kuti zviome kuti ivhu riya kurima, kusarimwa, renje, uye ivhu resirivha. 

Kusvibiswa kweruzha

Kusvibiswa rudzi rwekusvibiswa kunobva mumabasa evanhu, kuwedzera njodzi yekufa kwemhuka dzesango uye kukanganisa maitiro evanhu, psychology uye hutano. Imwe mhando ruzha kusvibiswa Kakawanda: 

  • Kusvibiswa kweruzha munzvimbo dzemaguta
  • Kusvibiswa kweruzha pedyo nemafekitari
  • Kusvibiswa kweruzha kubva kumotokari

Plastic tsvina kusvibiswa

Maererano neshumo yeUnited Nations, nyika inogadzira purasitiki yakakwana gore rega rega kuti itenderere Nyika kanokwana kana nemabhegi epurasitiki anosvika mabhiriyoni mazana mashanu anodyiwa pasi rose. Parizvino, ruzhinji rwemarara epurasitiki haavigwa mumarara, zvichikonzera kusvibiswa kwakachena. Zvinotarisirwa kuti panosvika 500, mamwe matani 2050 bhiriyoni epurasitiki achaburitswa mumakungwa uye achagara kwemazana emakore. 

Chiedza chine tsvina

Kusvibiswa kwechiedza kuvapo kwechiedza chekugadzira munzvimbo ine rima chinogumbura nekuda kwekushandiswa zvisina kunaka kana kunyanyisa nevanhu. Maererano neBBC (UK), panguva iyi 

Kubva 2012 kusvika 2016, kusimba kwechiedza chekunze kwehusiku kwepasi rose kwakawedzera ne2% gore rega rega. Masayendisiti anoti "usiku hwakarasika" munyika dzakawanda huri nemigumisiro yakaipa kune vose: zvirimwa, mhuka uye vanhu.

Mhando dzekusvibiswa kwemwenje dzakadai se:

Kupenya, kupenya kwakanyanya kunokonzera kusagadzikana kwekuona

Mwaranzi yechiedza yakapinda nekusaziva, zvisina basa

Mapoka echiedza chakajeka haabatsiri.

Radioactive kusvibiswa 

Mafuta enyukireya uye zvigadzirwa zvefission, kutambisa zvombo zvenyukireya mumhepo kana mareactors enyukireya kunoburitsa huwandu hwakawanda hwemwaranzi mumhepo, ivhu, vanhu, zvidyarwa nemhuka.Zvinhu zviri pedyo.

Xem thm  Kusvibiswa kweruzha nemigumisiro yaro yakaipa paupenyu

Kana vanhu vachigara munzvimbo ine utachiona hwemwaranzi, mwaranzi yemwaranzi inopinda mumuviri wemunhu ichibva kunze kana kupinda mumunhu kuburikidza nemudumbu, nzira yekufema, ichikanganisa ropa, mabhonzo uye nhengo dzemuviri.Dzimwe nhengo dzemuviri wemunhu dzinokonzeresa gomarara kana genetic mutations ine ngozi.

Mamiriro ekusvibiswa kwezvakatipoteredza muVietnam

Mamiriro ezvinhu ekusvibisa kwezvakatipoteredza 

Maererano nenhamba isati yasvika 1945, masango akavharwa akasvika 43,8%, iye zvino achangopfuura 28% (kureva pasi pezinga rinotyisa re30%). Nzvimbo yevhu rinorimwa iri kukukurwa kusvika pamamiriyoni 13,4 mahekita. 

Sekureva kweBazi Rezviwanikwa uye Zvakatipoteredza, parizvino 95% yezviitwa zvekugadzira munyika zvinosvibisa nharaunda, zvinopfuura makumi mashanu muzana zvinokonzeresa kusvibiswa kwakakomba. Nekuti aya mabhizinesi madiki-diki uye zvivakwa zvekugadzira, tekinoroji yacho ndeyechinyakare uye haisati yadyara mari nemazvo mukurapa kusvibiswa kwezvakatipoteredza nemarara.

Kunze kwezvo, dambudziko remigodhi, zvivakwa zvekuvaka, goridhe nematombo anokosha ... uye kushandiswa kwemigodhi muminda yakawanda iri kukanganisa kuenzana kwezvakatipoteredza.

Mamiriro ekusvibiswa kwemhepo

Kuwanda kwehuruva munzvimbo dzemudhorobha kunodarika kakawanda pane zvinotenderwa. Concentrations of CO2 emissions, kunyanya mumaguta makuru nenzvimbo dzemaindasitiri, inodarika zviyero zvinotenderwa ne1,5 kusvika 2,5 times. 

Indekisi yehutano hwemhepo mune dzimwe nzvimbo dzemaguta dzakadai seHanoi neHo Chi Minh ine nguva dzakawanda pazinga rakaipa neAQI index kubva ku150 kusvika ku200, dzimwe nguva yakaipa zvikuru kana ichipfuura 200. Inonyanya kuipa iguruva rakanaka rinosanganisira Zviduku zviduku zvakamiswa. mumhepo sePM2.5 zvinogona kukonzera zvirwere zvakasiyana-siyana, zvinokanganisa hutano hwevanhu.

Ikozvino mamiriro ekusvibiswa kwevhu 

Sekureva kwemushumo weGeneral Dhipatimendi Rezvakatipoteredza (Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment), kunaka kwenzvimbo yevhu munzvimbo dzemaguta muVietnam parizvino yakasvibiswa nekuda kwekukanganisa kwemarara kubva kumaindasitiri nemabasa ekuvaka. kuvaka, kugara, marara emarara. . Nzvimbo zhinji dzemumadhorobha dzakamuka, dziri panzvimbo chaipo dzine makemikari asara emuchetura, zviratidzo zvakapetwa kakawanda kudarika mwero unotenderwa.

Semuenzaniso, padyo nenzvimbo yekuvigwa tsvina yakasimba muwadhi yeTrang Dai (Bien Hoa guta), iyo arsenic iri muvhu yakapfuura mwero kubva 1,05 kusvika 4,12 nguva. Mhangura (cu) inodarika ka1,5, chromium nenitrogen muvhu zvakakwirira kubva pa135 -375mg/kg.

Mamiriro ekusvibiswa kwemvura 

Sekureva kweUnicef, nyika yedu iri pachinhanho chechishanu, mushure meChina, Philippines, Indonesia, neThailand, ine marara akawandisa akarasirwa munzizi nemakungwa pasi rose nhasi, zvichisvibisa nharaunda yemvura.

Zviwanikwa zvemvura zvenzizi nemadziva eVietnam zvakashatiswa zvakanyanya uye zvinoparadzwa nekuda kwekushandisa zvakanyanya uye kusvibiswa kune zvidimbu zvakasiyana. Kunyangwe nzizi zhinji, zvikamu zvenzizi, madziva nemadziva "zvakafa" nehuwandu hwemarara, marara uye mvura yetsvina inorasirwa munzvimbo isina kurapwa. 

Parizvino, gore rega rega munyika yedu, vanhu vangangosvika zviuru zvipfumbamwe vanofa nekuda kwemvura isina kunaka nehutsanana. 9.000 200.000 zviitiko zvegomarara zvinokonzerwa nekunwa mvura ine tsvina.

Nzira yekukunda sei kusvibiswa kwezvakatipoteredza?

 

Nzira dzekuchengetedza zvakatipoteredza

 

Simbisa mutemo pamusoro pekugadzirisa marara

Hurongwa hwekuronga maguta munyika yedu nhasi hausati hwatarisa dambudziko remarara, kuchenesa mvura yetsvina apo zhinji dzacho dzichiri dzechinyakare sekuviga. Izvi zvinotungamirira kune njodzi inogona kuitika yekusvibiswa kwezvakatipoteredza. 

Naizvozvo, pari zvino, Madhipatimendi eHutano, Madhipatimendi eZviwanikwa Nezvakatipoteredza ari kuenderera mberi nekusimbisa propaganda uye kuparadzirwa kwemitemo nemitemo yekutonga uye kurapwa kwemarara emumba senge:

Kunyatsobata nyaya dzinotyora mutemo mumunda wekuchengetedzwa kwezvakatipoteredza, usaite zvakanaka mukugadzirisa tsvina kuti upinde mukati mekunze kwekunze.

Simbisa kuongorora, kuongorora uye kutarisisa kwezvivakwa zvinonyatsoita marara. 

Mutemo wakadzokororwa pamusoro pekuchengetedzwa kweEnvironment uchaziviswa munguva pfupi iri kutevera uye Hurumende ichapedzisa magwaro anotungamira ekuita mayunifomu.

Wedzera zvirango pazvirango mukurapa kweseptic matangi, septic matangi, uye kuvaka marara yakasimba. 

Wedzerai kuvaka uye kuisa mafekisheni ekuchenesa marara mumaguta makuru.

Kuomesa manejimendi emarara akaomarara uye zvimedu, izvo zvinonongedza kupatsanurwa, kuchengetwa, kuunganidzwa, kutakura, kushandiswazve, kudzokorodza uye kurapwa kwekuvaka marara yakasimba.

Shandisa mafuta akachena

Muzana remakore rechi21, apo mamiriro ezvinhu ekusvibiswa kwemhoteredzo ari kunyanya kunetseka nenyika, kushandiswa kwemafuta akachena anochengetedza zvakatipoteredza kwazova muitiro wemararamiro emazuva ano uye akabudirira. Izvo zvinogona kuuya kuzopisa zvakadai se: 

Masero emafuta

Masero emafuta anogona kugadzira magetsi zvakanangana, anogadzirwa kubva kunzvimbo dzakaita segasi rechisikigo, methane gasi rinotorwa kubva mumarara ehupenyu. Iwo haapise, saka haabudise huturu hunokuvadza, uye anowanzoshandiswa mumotokari kana mumidziyo yevatengi senharembozha.

Simba remvura

Masaisai nemafungu anoshandiswa kutenderedza maturbine anogadzira magetsi. Simba rinogadzirwa rinogona kushandiswa zvakananga kumidziyo inoshanda mugungwa senge malighthouses, buoys, wharfs, navigation system.

Xem thm  Kusvibiswa kwemhepo uye nhamba dzinoziva "kufonera rubatsiro"

Simba remhepo

Simba remhepo rinoshandiswa kutenderedza maturbine kugadzira magetsi. Parizvino, vanhu vanowanzovaka mhepo huru yekuunganidza iyi hombe yegirinhi simba sosi.

Simba kubva muchando

Chirongwa ichi chinounganidza sinou nekuchichengeta mumatura kuitira kuchengetedza tembiricha yemudura iri pakati pe0oC ne4oC uye kuishandisa kuchengetedza zvigadzirwa zvekurima. Bihai Natural Energy Research Association yekuJapan yakabudirira kushandisa sinou kutonhodza matura uye zvivakwa zvinofefetedza mhepo panguva yekupisa. 

Methane gasi kubva kubiological fermentation yetsvina yemumba 

Iyi imhando yegasi inokwanisa kuita injini kumhanya, nekudaro ichigadzira magetsi. Kana kuora kwapera, inosara inoshandiswa sefetireza.

Geothermal simba

Tinokwanisa kubata geothermal simba pakadzika pasi pezvitsuwa nemakomo anoputika nekuyamwa mvura inopisa kubva kuzviuru zvemamita pasi pevhu kuenda kune magetsi emagetsi. Parizvino, Japan ndiyo yakabudirira kwazvo kushandisa kweiyi yakachena sosi yemafuta. Nekukwanisa kwe110.000 kW, magetsi anokwana kumisha 3.700 kwegore.

Methane hydrate gasi inorara pasi pevhu

Methane hydrate inowanikwa pasi pepermafrost uye yakadzika geological maumbirwo pasi pepasi pegungwa. Iyi ndiyo imwe nzira yakanaka kune mafuta nemarasha.

Deredza kushandiswa kwezvinhu zvisingadzokizve

Kushandisa zvinhu zvisingagadzike zvakare zvakadai segirazi rinodzivirira kupisa, zvivharo zvepurasitiki, mashanga epurasitiki, ceramics, mabhokisi ePizza, manapukeni anoraswa, magirazi, matishu... kwete chete kutambisa zviwanikwa, asiwo kunowedzera kuburitsa. Pane kudaro unogona kushandisa zvinhu zvinogadzikiswa zvakare segirazi, bepa, simbi, plastiki, matai, machira, uye zvemagetsi. Kunyanya, isu tinokwanisa kudzokorodza epurasitiki nekuunganidza zvimedu kana marara epurasitiki uye kudzoreredza izvo zvinhu muzvinhu zvinobatsira. 

Mamwe matanho: 

Chengetedza magetsi

Shandisa zvinodziya mvura zuva panzira dzechinyakare dzakaita sekudziya nemoto, nemagetsi.

Tsiva magirobhu ese e1KW ne0,3KW super-saving bulbs kubatsira kuchengetedza huwandu hwakakura hwemagetsi, zvese kuchengetedza mari pamagetsi nekuchengetedza nharaunda.

Dyara miti yakawanda

Iyi ndeimwe yematanho akareruka uye anoshanda zvakanyanya mukuderedza kudziya kwepasi. Nekuti miti inotora CO2 kuburikidza ne photosynthesis, nekudaro ichidzikisa zvakanyanya gasi iri, uye zvisina kunanga kuderedza ikozvino greenhouse phenomenon.

Shingairira kuparadzira kuchengetedza kwezvakatipoteredza

Kurudzira zviitiko uye mafambiro ekuchengetedza kwezvakatipoteredza. Ipa huwandu hweruzivo kuvanhu nezve greenhouse effect, kukosha kwayo uye njodzi. Inosanganisirwa muchirongwa chedzidzo zvidzidzo zvekusimudza ruzivo pamwe nebasa remugari wega wega wenzvimbo yekugara yevanhu nezvisikwa.

Garai muchironga zviitwa zveparaganda kuti vanhu vadzivise zviito zvakaipa zvinoburitsa magasi ane muchetura nemarara anokuvadza zvakatipoteredza.

Masangano ekuchengetedza zvakatipoteredza munyika uye muVietnam

Masangano ekuchengetedza nharaunda munyika

Masangano ekuchengetedza zvakatipoteredza munyika uye muVietnam

Global Environment Fund (GEF): yakavambwa muna 1992, iine chinangwa chekugadzirisa matambudziko ari kunyanya kunetsa pasirese ezvakatipoteredza. Kubva payakatangwa, GEF yakawana mari inosvika mabhiriyoni gumi nemazana mashanu emadhora uye yakaunganidza mabhiriyoni makumi manomwe neshanu emadhora kuti iwedzere mari yezvirongwa zvinoda kusvika 14,5 75,4, izvo GEF yakapa mari yezvirongwa makumi mapfumbamwe nemasere muVietnam kuchengetedza zvakatipoteredza.

African Maritime Safety and Security Agency (AMMSA): iri isangano rinoshanda pakuongorora nekutsvaga kugadzirisa matambudziko enzvimbo yegungwa.

United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) isangano repasi rose rinoronga zviitiko zvezvakatipoteredza reUnited Nations.Sangano iri rakavambwa muna 1972 kuti ribatsire mukugadzwa kwemisimboti pazvinhu zvakaita sekusvibiswa kwemhepo, makemikari ane chepfu uye kusvibiswa kwenzira dzemvura pasi rose. . 

Masangano ekuchengetedza zvakatipoteredza muVietnam

Green Credit Trust Fund (GCTF): Homwe iyi yakavambwa muna 2007 kubva padanho rekutsigira kusimudzirwa kwehunyanzvi hwekuvandudza tekinoroji neSwitzerland Federal Bureau of Economic Affairs (SECO). Iri sangano rinoonekwa semhinduro yekutsigira mari kubatsira mabhizinesi madiki uye epakati-kati eVietnam kuita mari yepakati uye yenguva refu muhunyanzvi hwakachena hwekushandisa mukugadzirwa kwemaindasitiri nemasevhisi. Kubva ipapo, gadzira tekinoroji yekuwedzera hunyanzvi hwekugadzira uye kuderedza kukanganiswa kwezvakatipoteredza

Vietnam Environmental Protection Fund: Homwe iyi yakavambwa nechinangwa chekugamuchira mari kubva kubhajeti rehurumende, mari yekupa mari, mipiro nematrust kubva kumasangano epamba nekunze uye vanhu kuti vape rutsigiro rwemari kumabasa ekudzivirira.

Dzidzo Yenzvimbo Yezvakasikwa (ENV):  rimwe remasangano ekutanga ezvemagariro muVietnam anoshanda mukuchengetedza zvisikwa uye dzidzo yezvakatipoteredza. Chinangwa ndechekusimudzira ruzivo pakati pevanhu veVietnamese nezvenyaya dzezvakatipoteredza zvine chekuita nekuchengetedzwa kwemhuka dzesango, maruva nemhuka, zvisikwa zvemusikirwo uye shanduko yemamiriro ekunze munzvimbo, dunhu uye pasi rose.

Tsananguro yezviratidzo uye zvipfupiso muchinyorwa

UNICEF (United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund): United Nations Children's Fund.

AQI (Indekisi Yemhando Yemhepo): daily air quality report report.

Izvo zviri pamusoro apa ipfupiso yeruzivo nezve kusvibiswa kwezvakatipoteredza pamwe nemamiriro ekusvibiswa kwezvakatipoteredza muVietnam. Nokuda kwepasi rakasvibira, rakachena, rakanaka, mhoteredzo huru yokugara nokuda kwavazukuru vomunguva yemberi. Ngatiitei zvino kutora matanho anodiwa kuchengetedza pasi redu.

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