Ndeapi marudzi epende yemotokari aripo? Ndeupi rudzi rwepende yakanakisisa kushandisa?

Parizvino, kudiwa kwependi yemotokari, kuvandudza pendi yemotokari kana kushandura ruvara rwependi yemota yako kuri kuwedzera. Nekuti iyo mota yekupenda maitiro inosanganisira akawanda akakwenenzverwa matanho ane akawanda akaturikidzana, dzidza nezve pendi yemota kuti uwane rumwe ruzivo.

Migumisiro yepende yemotokari?

pendi yemotokari
Pendi yemotokari inounza zvipfeko zvitsva zverunako

Pendi yemotokari ine hunhu hwakanyanya, kukuvara zvakanyanya panguva yekushandiswa. Saka pendi mota 

ichabatsira kukurira madiki uye akareruka makwara ... Kana iri nyaya yemotokari dzine mhasuru dzinorema uye dzakagoverwa munzvimbo dzakawanda, zvakakosha kupendazve mota yese.

Zvakanakira pendi yemotokari: 

  • Paunenge washandisa mota kwemakore akawanda, pendi yacho inotsveruka nekusvunurwa, saka unoda kushandura ruvara rutsva rwependi yemota.
  • Gadzirisa mamiriro ependi yemotokari iri kupera, kushanduka, kuputika, kunyange kusvuura ... uye uuye nekunaka kutsva uye kutaridzika kwakanaka.
  • Iyo pendi yemavara yemitsara yependi yemotokari yakasiyana uye yakapfuma, ichibvumira varidzi kuti vasarudze vavanofarira mavara ependi kushongedza mota dzavo.
  • Pendi yemotokari inoita kuti zvive nyore kuchenesa, hutsanana, kusapinda kwemvura, ine kuvharika kwepamusoro uye inoshingirira kune moss uye mold.
  • Pendi yemotokari ndechimwe chezvinhu zvakakosha zvinoratidza chimiro uye "hutano" hwemotokari yako.
  • Chengetedza zvikamu zvemukati zvemotokari
  • Kubatsira kugadzira chinhu chakasiyana, iyo yekunze ganda pendi layer inowedzera mamwe mashoma mashoma ependi kugadzira kudzika uye 3D maumbirwo, kana mifananidzo pakufunga kwemuridzi wemota.

Ndeapi marudzi epende yemotokari anowanzoshandiswa?

Parizvino pamusika vari kugadzira pendi dzakawanda dzakasiyana uye dzakasiyana zvakanyanya, pendi yega yega ine mabasa akasiyana uye mashandisiro. Ngationei mhando dzependi yemotokari inowanzoshandiswa kuitira kuti iwe unogona kunyatsofungisisa uye kusarudza pendi yakarurama yemotokari yako kuti urege kuishandisa nenzira isina kururama. 

Lacquer Acrylic Paint

pendi yemotokari

Lacquer Acrylic Paint yakanga yakakurumbira munyika kubva pakati pe20s uye 60s yezana remakore rechimakumi maviri. Kusvika panguva ino, rudzi urwu rwependi yemotokari ichiri kushandiswa zvakanyanya nekuda kwemutengo wayo unonzwisisika uye kushandiswa kwakapusa. Pamusoro pezvo, ivo zvakare vane akasiyana siyana anopenya mavara sarudzo uye yakakwirira durability seti, ichi zvakare chikonzero nei maGarage mazhinji ave kuda kuashandisa kumota dzakajairwa, kunyanya kana akashandiswa nepfuti yekupfapfaidza inodzosa mavara akajeka. motokari uye zvakaoma kukwenya. 

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Zvisinei, mune dzimwe nzvimbo dzakadai seEurope, pendi idzi dzakarambidzwa kushandiswa nokuti dzine zvinhu zvakawanda zvinokuvadza. Ivo zvakare havadzivirirwe nemirairo yeUV nemakemikari, saka hupenyu hwavo mushure mekupenda hupfupi. 

Enamel Acrylic Paint

pendi yemotokari

Enamel pendi ndeyepamusoro-inopenya coating inoshandiswa zvakanyanya mupendi yemotokari mumagaraji. Enamel pendi ine chinhu chikuru musanganiswa weAlkyd resin dispersion pigments ine zvinonyungudutsa uye zvinowedzera, zvinowanzoshandiswa sejasi.

Zvakanakira Enamel Acrylic pendi

Pendi yemhando yekusimba zvirinani, nekudaro ichipa mhedzisiro yenguva refu kupfuura Lacquer pendi

Nyore yekupfapfaidza pendi nzira, usati wapfapfaidza iwe unofanirwa kushandisa nylon primer kuona kuti pendi yakavharwa.

Zvisinei, kana ichienzaniswa nepende yeLacquer, Enamel ine gloss yakaderera, mamwe mavara anoda kuvhara kwakajeka uye anodhura.

Iyi ipende yakagadzirwa nemafuta, saka ine kunamatira kuri nani kupfuura pendi yakajairwa nemvura. 

Urethane Paint

Urethane pendi inobatsira kugadzira yakanakisa anti-ngura layer mune yakazara pendi sisitimu iyo inoshandiswa zvakanyanya kune mota pendi lining. Vanopa akawanda mabhenefiti akadai se:

Super yakasimba uye hupenyu hurefu

High tembiricha inodzivirira, yakakodzera kudzivirira pendi kana pendi yemotokari ichikwenya pazvikamu zveinjini.

Hupenyu hwesevhisi hurefu, zvichipa mota yako chimiro chinopenya zvichienzaniswa nemamwe pendi.

Nekuda kweizvi zvakanakira, Urethane mota pendi ine mutengo wakakwira. Mukuwedzera, mushure mokunge pende yapera, inoda kuiswa pamusoro pemotokari nokukurumidza kuti irege kuva yakaoma uye isingashandisi.

Pendi yemvura

Nemapendi emvura, yakawanda yezvinogadziriswa inotsiviwa nemvura, saka inenge iine 100g / litre chete yezvinyorwa zvinokonzerwa nehupenyu (8 nguva shoma pane mafuta-based paints). Iyo yakaderera solvent ratio inopa zvinotevera mabhenefiti:

-Iri nyore kusanganisa uye kuenzanisa, yakanyorova uye yakaoma mavara haina kusiyana.

- Hapana kunhuhwirira kwakashata, kugadzira nzvimbo yakanaka yekushanda yevanyanzvi.

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Deredza njodzi yemoto uye kuputika kunokonzerwa nezvinonyungudutsa.

- Hushamwari kune zvakatipoteredza uye hutano hwevashandi.

- Wedzera hupenyu hwezvinhu zviri muchitoro chekugadzirisa.

Zvisinei, pendi yemvura inewo mhedziso iyo inotora nguva yakareba kuti iome munzvimbo ine hunyoro, inoda kuvhuvhuta mhepo mushure mekupfapfaidza, kuitira kuti iwe ugone kuienzanisa kana uchishandisa. 

Yakajairika mota pendi maitiro?

Nguva yekushandisa pendi yemotokari kazhinji inenge makore mashanu, zvichienderana nemamiriro akasiyana ekushandisa motokari. Mushure mekusangana nechiedza chezuva, mvura, guruva, kusvibiswa kubva kune zvakatipoteredza, makemikari, pendi yemotokari inotanga kuderera zvakadai sekushanduka kwemavara, kuputika zvishoma. Mushure memakore gumi, pendi yemotokari kazhinji inodzikisira zvakanyanya sekupepeta. 

Naizvozvo, iwe unogona kufunga pendi nyowani yemotokari zvinoenderana nematanho akajairwa akadai se:

B1: Tarisa uye uchenese pendi yemotokari

Panguva ino, vashandi vanowanzoshandisa sander kuisa sandpaper ine roughness yakakodzera kubvisa pendi yekare yenzvimbo dzinofanira kupendwa, zvichibatsira primer uye matt kunamatira zvakanakisisa. Kunyanya kumuviri wemota yakarohwa nekudhumhana kana kuremadzwa tsaona, mota ichaitwa bhuronzi kuti iwanezve chitarisiko chayo chepakutanga zvichienderana neyakajairwa fomu yemotokari. Paunenge uchigadzira mhangura, mota dzinowanzoshandisa matekiniki erata, kurovera, kudhonza, nezvimwewo, kuitira kuti muviri wegoko ugoboore uye kuremara kuti udzokere pachinzvimbo chayo.

B2: Gadzirisa yakakuvadzwa nzvimbo yemotokari

Tarisa nzvimbo yakakwenya pamotokari uye gadzirisa nekukurumidza

Panguva ino, mufananidzo wemotokari achapwanya maziso uye kuderedza maziso nep120-p180 sandpaper zvichienderana nemuenzaniso uye simbi iyo motokari inayo. .Kana paine nzvimbo dzine dented, iyo yakadzika indentation ichaderedzwa nemuchina we welding kuti ushongedze nzvimbo yakati sandara maererano neiyo yekutanga mota chimiro chemugadziri. Chenesa nzvimbo yakapendwa zvakare usati waenda padanho idzva.

B3: Anti-ngura primer

Pendi yemotokari ine mitsara mikuru mitatu: pendi yepamusoro inopenya, pendi yemavara pakati uye primer pazasi. Panewo anti-rust coating. Kana kukanganisa panzvimbo diki kunongova mupende inopenya, inogona kukundwa nekugadzirisa uye kupukuta motokari.

Mushure mekupedza nzira yekukuya kubvisa pende yekare, bvisa ngura pamwe nekuita mhangura (kana zvichidikanwa), jira rekudzivirira-rust pendi richashandiswa kumuviri wemotokari. Ichi chifukidziro chine hunyoro-uchapupu hunoita, kudzivirira ngura kubva pakuparadzwa kubva mukati. Kana iyo anti-rust pendi yakaoma, muchina wejecha uchashandiswa kusecha pamusoro pepende, kuwedzera kunamatira kune matt layer pamwe chete neprimer.

B4: Mat

Matte polishing inobata madiki madiki sezvo anogona kuve akaoma kubvisa nemotokari bronzer matekiniki. Matite mabheti anosanganisira kunyanya resins, pigment uye zvinonyungudutsa izvo zvichabatsira kuzadza uye kuumbazve pamusoro pepamusoro zvichienderana neyakajairwa fomu yemota.

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Danho 5: Primer

Iyo primer layer ine mhedzisiro yekuvhara ruvara rwe putty pamwe neiyo huru yepende layer pane iyo chaiyo ruvara, yakanakisa gloss. Usati wapenda, zvakakosha kuvhara nzvimbo dzisina kuiswa zvakanyatsonaka. Mushure mekunge primer yapera, primer ichaomeswa uye primer ichaiswa jecha uchishandisa orbital muchina kuti uwedzere chisungo neiyo huru pendi layer.

Nhanho yechitanhatu: Sanganisa mavara uye pfapfaidza pendi

Asati ashandisa pendi yeruvara, nyanzvi ichavhenganisa pendi yeruvara nerubatsiro rwekombuta yependi yemusanganiswa weruvara. Mota yemotokari pendi yeruvara rwekusanganisa nzira inosarudza kupfuura 70% yemhando yepende yepende. Wobva wavhara nzvimbo dzisina pendi nekungwarira senge usati wapriming. Kupfapfaidza nzira dzekupenda dzakakoshawo zvakanyanya nekuti dzinoona 20% - 30% yemhando yepende yepende. Mushure mekupfapfaidza, pendi ichaomeswa nenguva yekuomesa uye tembiricha zvinoenderana nehunyanzvi hwekuita.

Nhanho yechinomwe: Polisha mota

Pendi inopenya inoitwawo zvinoenderana neyakafanana nzira yekupfapfaidza pakupfapfaidza pendi yeruvara. Mushure mekupedza kupfapfaidza pendi, zvakare enderera nekuomesa nenguva yekuomesa uye tembiricha zvinoenderana nehunyanzvi zviyero. 

Nhanho 8: Polish, tarisa

Kuchenesa mota inhanho yakakosha zvakanyanya

Mushure mokunge mapurisa aoma zvachose, ichava nhanho yekutsvaira. Izvi zvinobatsira kugadzirisa zvikanganiso zvependi kana zviripo, zvichigadzira kupenya kwenzvimbo yakapendwa. Unogona kushandisa cana kupukuta mota kana pendi yemota yave neoxidized inotungamira kupepeta, kupepeta, uye kuipa kwemota. Kana kuti kana mota yako iri kudhumhana, zvichikonzera kukwenya, kana kuti nekuda kwekukanganiswa kwezvinhu zvekunze zvakaita semamiriro ekunze, tsvina, etc. Mabhanhire aya anobatsirawo kusimbisa dziviriro yependi.Gloss kumota, kuderedza kukuvadzwa kana ikakweshwa, kubatsira kupenda. mota yakawedzera kunaka.

Pamusoro pezvo, mushure mekupenda mota, kubatsira kusimudzira kupenya uye hupenyu hwepende yemotokari, vanhu vanowanzo shandisa nano coating kana ceramic coating kumota kugadzira "lotus leaf effect" pamvura, kudzikisira kunamatira kwezvinhu. pendi. Chekupedzisira, ita cheki yekupedzisira nematurusi akadai semota pendi scratch cheki marambi, geji ukuru hwependi...

Pamusoro pane ruzivo runobatsira nezve pendi yemotokari pamwe chete nemanotsi aunoda kuziva kuti ugadzire jasi rakakwana remota yako. Naizvozvo, kuti uve nechokwadi chekusimba pamwe nekunaka kwakazara kwegoko remota, unofanirwa kubata vane mukurumbira wekuchengeta mota nenzvimbo dzekugadzirisa kuti ubatsire kuunza kutaridzika kwakanyanya kumota yako. .

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