Chitupa chii? Chitupa ndochiwanepi?

Chitupa chikamu kana rudzi rwechiratidzo chinodiwa nemunhu wese. Iwo anoshandiswa kuratidza ruzivo rwemunhu uye ruzivo. Kana iwe uchitsvaga kuti unzwisise zviri nani kuti kadhi iri chii uye kuti ungaite kupi, usafuratira ruzivo rwuri muchinyorwa chiri pasi apa.

Chitupa chii? Ndeapi marudzi emakadhi ekuzivikanwa aripo muVietnam?

Chitupa chii?

Chitupa ndingaiwanepi?

Chitupa kadhi rinoshandiswa kutsiva chitupa. Kadhi reID rinoratidza ruzivo rwekuzivikanwa uye hunhu hwevagari veVietnam vane makore gumi nemana zvichikwira. Mugari wega wega anofanirwa kuve nekadhi rekuzivikanwa rakasiyana reBazi rePublic Security kubata nekudzora zviri nyore.

Chitupa chichava neruzivo rwakakwana nezvekwakabva, dzinza, hunhu hwekuziva uye hwakakwana kusiyanisa munhu wese kubva kumunhu wese munharaunda.

Unogona kungonzwisisa kuti Citizen Identification Card (CCCD) ichizvarwa chitsva chitupa kadhi. Kare zvitupa zvaiwanzogadzirwa nepepa. Saka mukati mekushandisa, zviri nyore kudzika nekukuvadza, kudzima mazwi, zvichiita kuti zviome kuziva nekusimbisa ruzivo.

Kukunda mamiriro ezvinhu aya, hurumende yeVietnam yakaunza kadhi reCCCD. Rudzi urwu rwekadhi rwakagadzirwa nemhando yepurasitiki inochinjika, inova rudzi rwemagnetic card blank. CCCD kadhi yakafanana neATM kadhi yemabhangi nhasi. Kana ukaienzanisa, unogona kuona kuti CCCD kadhi ine yakakwirira durability uye zviri nyore zvikuru kupfuura chitupa kadhi.

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Kushandiswa kwemakadhi ekuzivikanwa kwevagari vemo

Kadhi reCCCD rine basa rakakosha kumunhu wega wega. Makadhi anoshandiswa kuratidza, kuona uye kuratidza kuti muridzi wemakadhi ndiani.

Kana uine kadhi reCCCD, unogona kurishandisa kuita matranseksheni munyika yose zvinoda magwaro akasiyana. 

Mukuwedzera, kadhi iri rinogonawo kushandiswa panzvimbo yepasipoti kana uchienda kunze kwenyika. (Izvi zvichashanda munyaya yekuti Vietnam nedzimwe nyika dzakasaina zvibvumirano zvinobvumira kushandiswa kwemakadhi eCCCD kutsiva mapasipoti). Naizvozvo, kana uine kadhi reCCCD, unogona kuita ndege kana kubuda kunze kwenyika zviri nyore.

Chimiro, saizi

Zvitupa zvevagari vemo zvinoshanda kupi?
ID makadhi ane mamwe compact chimiro

Chimiro uye saizi yeCCCD kadhi inotsanangurwa muChikamu 1, Chinyorwa 3 cheCircular 61/2015/TT-BCA sezvinotevera:

Kadhi rekuzivikanwa kwemugari rine chimiro che rectangular, makona mana emakadhi akatenderedzwa.

Kureba kwekadhi rekuzivikanwa kwemugari i85,6mm, hupamhi i53,98mm uye ukobvu i0,76mm.

Ndeapi makadhi ezvitupa enyika ari kutenderedzwa muVietnam?

Pamusoro peiyo pepa ID kadhi, parizvino muVietnam, zvakare zvinogoneka kuve nechip-based ID kadhi.

Chip ID kadhi

Ndezvipi zvakanakira chip ID makadhi? Ndoriwanepi citizen ID card rine chip?

Chip ID kadhi inozivikanwawo semagetsi ID kadhi. Ichi chishandiso chakangwara chekuzivikanwa chinobvumira kuchengetedza ruzivo rwakawanda rwevagari senge rezinesi rekutyaira, inishuwarenzi, nezvimwe.

ID makadhi ane machipisi anobatsira kuziva uye kuziva vagari. Iyi ndiyo zvakare kiyi yekuwana ruzivo rwevagari mune yazvino dhatabhesi yenyika.

Makadhi eChitupa Citizen ane machipisi ane zvakawanda zvakatanhamara zvichienzaniswa neakare zvitupa makadhi akadai se:

  • Chengetedza ruzivo rwemunhu rwakawanda mukadhi. Parizvino, iyo chip ID kadhi yakabatanidza ruzivo rwakawanda kubva kuinishuwarenzi yehutano, inishuwarenzi yemagariro kusvika kune rezinesi rekutyaira... Nekuda kwaizvozvo, vagari vanongoda chete kuva nechip-based ID kadhi kuti vakwanise kuita zviitiko. mapepa akawanda.
  • Chip ID ine kuchengetedzwa kwepamusoro. Muridzi wemakadhi chete ndiye anogona kuishandisa. Saka, kana kurasikirwa, hapana ngozi.
  • Kushandisa ID kadhi ine chip kuchakubatsira kuchengetedza mari yekunyora zvinyorwa paunenge uchiita chero rudzi rwekutengeserana.
  • Kunzvenga magwaro ekunyepa ndeimwe yemabhenefiti ane kadhi iri.
  • Uye zvakare, iyo Citizen ID kadhi inobvumirawo kubatanidzwa kwezvimwe zvakawanda zvikumbiro senge biometric authentication, siginecha yedhijitari ...
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Chitupa chekuzivikanwa mugari (ID kadhi) mune yekare mapepa fomu

Chitupa chekare fomu - kupi kuita cmnd?

Chitupa chekare-chitupa chakatsiviwa zvishoma nezvishoma nechip-based chitupa chekuzivikanwa. Kana tichienzanisa pakati pemhando mbiri dzemakadhi, zvitupa zvevanhu zvine zvakawanda zvinokanganisa zvinoda kukundwa se:

  • Zviri nyore kurasikirwa neruzivo rwakadhindwa pakadhi: Zvitupa zvevanhu vakuru zvinogadzirwa kubva pamapepa. Nokudaro, zvakaoma kudzivisa kukanganisa panguva yekushandiswa. Mashoko ari pakadhi anogona kunge asina kujeka, zvichiita kuti zvive zvakaoma kuziva ruzivo nemifananidzo yevagari vemo.
  • Kusasimba kusimba: Nekuti yakagadzirwa nebepa, kadhi reID harina kusimba. Kana ukaishandisa zvisina hanya, zvinogona kuita kuti kadhi riome. Kunyangwe mapikicha akatorwa ari kubuda, zvinyorwa hazvina kujeka uye zvakaoma kuona.
  • Chengetedza ruzivo rushoma: Zvitupa zvevanhu zvinochengeta ruzivo rudiki. Ruzivo rwekutanga chete senge: nhamba yekadhi, zita rakazara, zuva rekuzvarwa, taundi rekumusha ... Haina kusanganiswa nemamwe akawanda ruzivo sechipi ID kadhi.

Chitupa chemugari ndingawanepi? Chii chinofanira kurangarirwa pakuita izvi?

Kugadzira chip-based citizen ID kadhi kunounza akawanda mabhenefiti kune vashandisi. Ingori kadhi rimwe chete asi isu tinogona kurishandisa panzvimbo yemhando dzakasiyana dzemapepa.

Chitupa chemugari ndingawanepi?

Zvinogona kuonekwa kuti kugadzira chip chitupa makadhi ibasa rinodiwa. Nekudaro, vanhu vazhinji vachiri kushamisika kuti vangawanepi kadhi ID yevagari? 

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Zvichienderana neChinyorwa 26 cheMutemo weKuzivikanwa kweMugari, vagari vekuVietnam vanogona kunyorera makadhi eCCCD pane imwe yenzvimbo dzinotevera:

  • KuCCCD manejimendi agency yeMinistry of Public Security.
  • KuCCCD manejimendi agency yebazi remapurisa repurovhinzi kana pakati peguta.
  • PaCCCD manejimendi agency yemapurisa edunhu, dhorobha, purovhinzi nepakati manejimendi.
  • Kune inokwanisa CCCD manejimendi agency, ronga maitiro ekupa makadhi eCCCD kune vagari vakaita semakomuni, mawadhi, mataundi, masangano uye mayunitsi mune zvakakosha.

Zvinhu zvekucherekedza kana uchigadzira ID kadhi iwe unofanirwa kuziva

Paunenge uchigadzira ID kadhi, unofanirwa kuchengeta zvinhu zvishoma mupfungwa:

  • Gadzirira magwaro ese anodiwa akadai se: bhuku rekunyoresa remhuri, kadhi reID, CCCD yekare.
  • Kana ruzivo rwachinja uye rusina kuvandudzwa pane yenyika data system, uchafanirwa kuunza mamwe magwaro anoratidza shanduko.
  • Nyora chiziviso chakarurama paunenge uchiita chiziviso.
  • Usawedzera kana kugadzirisa ruzivo mubhuku rekunyoresa mhuri usati waita chitupa.
  • Mushure mekunge kadhi rekutanga rapihwa, vagari vanofanirwa kurichinja kana vava nemakore makumi maviri nemashanu, makumi mana nemakumi matanhatu. Anopfuura makore 25 ezera hapana chikonzero chekuchinja zvakare.
  • Kana usina kupihwa ID kadhi, unozofanirwa kurinyorera kuCA yedunhu kana purovhinzi yaunogara zvachose.
  • Kana wakapihwa chitupa asi usati wapihwa CCCD, unogona kushanda padunhu reCA kana kuCA mudunhu chero ripi zvaro.

Pamusoro pane ruzivo rwekutanga nezve ID kadhi. Ndinovimba, kuburikidza nechinyorwa ichi, wadzidza kwekugadzira makadhi uye wakacherekedza zvinhu zvishoma kuti maitiro aende nekukurumidza sezvinobvira. Kana uine mimwe mibvunzo maererano nenyaya iyi, tapota taura nesu nekukurumidza.

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