Nyika isati yaonekwa jekiseni

 Nhasi, majekiseni atekeshera zvokuti zvirwere izvi zvakapedzwa zvikuru, zvichiita kuti tikanganwe kutyisa kwazvakakonzera pakatanga zvirwere. Kuti tinyatsonzwisisa kukosha kwejekiseni, tinoda kurangarira nguva isati yashandiswa mishonga yekudzivirira zvakanyanya:

Chibhokisi, chirwere chinotapukira chakauraya vanhu vanosvika mamiriyoni mazana matatu pasi rose, chakatanga kutanga kwezana remakore rechimakumi maviri, uye chakaparadzwa zvachose mushure mekunge World Health Organization (WHO) yachiparura. inorangarirwa seimwe yebudiriro hurusa yomushonga, uye kusvikira nhasi, hapasati pave nezviitiko zvechibhokisi.

Nyika isati yaonekwa jekiseni

Polio (inozivikanwawo se grey myelitis) chirwere chakakomba chepakati tsinga system, chinowanikwa muvana. Varwere kana vangotapukirwa vanogona kunge vaoma mitezo, kana kuti vanofanirwa kugara pamhepo yehupenyu hwese nekuti havagone kuzviita vega. MuUnited States, mushonga wacho usati wagadzirwa, gore rimwe nerimwe vana vanenge 30.000 1916 vakabatwa neporiyo. Pakazosvika 6.000, denda rakatanga kuuraya vanhu vanopfuura 162 1980. Kubva pakatangwa mushonga weporiyo, vanhu zana nemakumi matanhatu nevaviri chete ndivo vakabatwa nechirwere ichi pasi rose kubva muna 2000 kusvika 350.000. Huwandu hwevarwere veporiyo hwakadzikira kubva pa80 187 kuma2012 kusvika paXNUMX muna XNUMX (kunyanya muna XNUMX). chirwere ichi, zvinoti Afghanistan, Nigeria nePakistan).

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- Measles - chirwere chinotapukira chinokonzerwa nehutachiona hune zviratidzo zviviri zvehutsika ndeye fivha yakakura uye tsvuku tsvuku. Measles inogona kukonzera matambudziko akakomba akadai semabayo, encephalitis nekuda kwekunyanya utachiona, uye inonyanya kutyiwa i subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (Pan Encephalitis) - chirwere chisingaperi chinokonzera kuderera zvishoma nezvishoma kwemasero europi kunotungamirira kurufu. 1963 asati asvika, kwakanga kune hosha dzinopfuura 500.000 500 dzegwirikwiti muUnited States gore rimwe nerimwe, kuchiparira nzufu dzinenge 98. Mushure memushandirapamwe wekuzivisa vanhu - vaccine yeMMR yekurwisa gwirikwiti, mumps, rubella, huwandu hwehutachiona hwakaderera ne1999%! Measles iri kushomeka muUnited States mazuva ano, uye kana paine denda, rinonyanya kuunzwa munyika nevafambi vasina kubayiwa. Muna 900.000, vanhu vanopfuura 2,7 XNUMX vakafa negwirikwiti pasi rose, kunyanya munyika dzichiri kusimukira umo nhomba dzejekiseni dzakanga dzakaderera zvikuru. Indasitiri yezvokurapa inofanotaura kuti kana kugadzirwa kwemishonga yegwirikwiti ikamiswa, vanhu vangangosvika mamirioni maviri nemazana manomwe vanofa nechirwere ichi gore rega rega.

1-Nyika isati yaonekwa jekiseni

– Haemophilus Influenza type B (HiB) mabhakitiriya — honzeri inokonzeresa purulent meningitis, mabayo uye epiglottitis (nzira ine ngozi zvikuru yehutachiona hwepamusoro hwekufema nekuti epiglottis ine hutachiona inozvimba nekukurumidza, zvichikonzera kurwadziwa kwakanyanya pahuro). zvichitungamirira kurufu). Munyika yose, vana vanofungidzirwa kuva mamiriyoni 2,2 vanobatwa neHiB gore negore, uye chikamu chimwe muzvina cheivava chinofa nemeningitis kana kuti epiglottitis. Pakati pevana vane rombo rakanaka kuti vakatiza rufu, vazhinji vanotadza kunzwa, pfari, uye kunyange kusaziva zvakanaka nokuda kwechirwere chemeningitis. MuUnited States, vana vanopfuura 20.000 600 vanobatwa neHiB gore negore, uye vana vanosvika mazana matanhatu vanofa nechirwere ichi. Zvakadaro, kubvira mushonga weHib wavapo, utachiona husingasviki gumi hwakashumwa gore rega rega. Zvinosuruvarisa, gore negore pasi rose, vana vanosvika 10 200.000 vanofa nechirwere ichi nekuda kwekushayikwa kwemajekiseni akakwana.

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Mienzaniso iri pamusoro inoratidza kushanda kukuru kwejekiseni pahutano hwevana uye kuwedzera mikana yavo yekukunda denda. Mufunge kana rimwe zuva tikarega kubayisa vana vedu, chii chichaitika?

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