Kudhirowa kwakajairwa kwe2-storey imba tepi hwaro uye maitiro ekuroverera

Ice nheyo ye2-storey imba chinhu chakakosha chekugadzira yakakwana 2-storey chivakwa. Saka ndeipi mwero wekudhirowa rudzi urwu rwenheyo? Maitiro ayo akasiyana nemamwe marudzi ezvipikiri here? 

Kudhirowa kwenheyo yeimba 2-storey uye zvinodiwa zviyero

Nheyo yeimba ye 2-storey ndiyo nheyo iyo yakareba nguva yakawanda kupfuura hupamhi. Inowanzoshandiswa pasi pemadziro kana pasi pembiru. Zvichienderana neaya maitiro, vavaki vanovakawo dhizaini yeimba nheyo zvichienderana nematanho akasiyana. 

Kudhirowa kwenheyo yeimba 2-storey
Detail kudhirowa ice hwaro

Yakajairika saizi yekudhirowa ye tepi hwaro 

Dimension zviyero mune tepi nheyo yekudhirowa ndiwo maparamita akapihwa kuti ave nechokwadi chekuchengetedza kwakanyanya kwebasa. Apo: 

  • Muyero wepasi rose wembambo saizi ichave: (900-1200) x 350 (mm). Imo iyo simbi yenheyo yakajairika inofanira kusvika kuhukuru Φ12a150.
  • Iyo yakajairika nheyo danda saizi ichave: 300 x (500-700) (mm). Uye nheyo yesimbi yesimbi inofanira kusvika 6Φ (18-22) nesimbi yakareba; Φ8a150 nebhandi resimbi. 
  • Kune akajairwa mapurojekiti ekuvaka epamusoro-soro, vagadziri vezvivakwa vanowanzo sarudza hwaro hwedanda kureba kuti vaverenge 1/10 yehurefu hwenguva huru. 
Yakajairwa dhizaini yetepi hwaro hwe2-storey imba
Yakajairika saizi yekudhirowa ye tepi hwaro

Kupatsanurana kwakajairwa kwembiru, matanda, uye mabhandi esimbi mukudhirowa kweaizi faundesheni

Iyo yakajairwa spacing yemakoramu, matanda, nheyo uye mabhanhire esimbi mukudhirowa kweaizi nheyo ichaverengerwa nekujekesa kwakajeka kwebasa. Saizvozvo, izvi zvakakosha hazvizove zvishoma pane yakakura kukosha uye isingasviki dhayamita yekusimbisa. Kugutsa madaro akajairwa, kurongeka kwekusimbisa kunotsanangurwa sezvizvi: 

  • Iyo yemvumo yekusimbisa yakaderera inofanira kunge iri 25mm. 
  • Kubviswa kwekusimbisa kwakaiswa pamusoro kunofanira kuenzana ne30mm
  • Kana iyo yekusimbisa yakaiswa mumitsara miviri, zvikamu zviviri zvepamusoro zvichange zvakaparadzana 50mm. 
  • Muchiitiko chekuvaka nekusungirirwa, nzvimbo yepamusoro inofanira kuiswa mu compactor. 
  • Chinhambwe chiri pakati pedanda repasi uye furemu danda chinofanira kuve nechokwadi chekugadzira kona chaiyo. 
Yakajairwa tepi hwaro hwe2-storey imba, marongerwo kureba
Kupatsanurana kwakajairwa kwembiru, matanda, uye mabhandi esimbi mukudhirowa kweaizi faundesheni

Zviyero pane zvekushandisa uye raw material yakatarwa

  • Zvekusimbisa zvinhu zvinoshandiswa mukugadzira maitiro 1 nzira ice chipikiri. Zvadaro chikamu chekuyambuka-chikamu chakaderedzwa panguva yekuchenesa kana kutakura hachifaniri kudarika muganhu unobvumirwa. Muganho unobvumidzwa wemuchinjika-chikamu index ndeye 2% yedhayamita.
  • Kusimbisa kusati kwaiswa mukuvaka kunofanirwa kugadziriswa netsoka dzembwa kana kongiri block. Nhambwe yetsoka dzembwa kana bhuroko rekongiri rinofanira kuganhurwa zvichienderana nereshiyo yakati. Kudzikamisa kufamba panguva yekuvaka. 
  • Formwork yekuvaka kongiri inofanirwa kuve yakasimba, ine mwero ukobvu uye kubereka kugona. Hapana deformation nekuda kwehuremu shanduko yekongiri. 
  • Iko kongiri inofanira kusanganiswa inofanira kuva nehuwandu hwehuwandu, huve hwakachena uye husina tsvina. 
Kusanganisa kongiri kune hwaro hweimba
Kongiri inofanira kusanganiswa nokuda kwenheyo yeimba inofanira kuva nechiyero chechiyero, chive chakachena uye chisina tsvina

Maitiro ekugadzira 2-storey imba ice

Kuchenesa, kuenzanisa

Ground clearance ndiyo nhanho yekutanga uye inoita basa rakakosha mukugadzira tepi hwaro hweimba 2-storey. Munhanho iyi, muridzi wemba kana muvaki achachenesa nzvimbo yebasa zvakakwana nheyo yeimba pavhu rakapfava. Zvadaro enderera mberi nekuenzanisa pasi zvakaenzana. Kufambisa kunotevera kudururwa kwenheyo. Zvichienderana ne topographical uye purojekiti maitiro. Kudzika kusina kudzika kwenheyo kunogona kusiyana. 

Xem thm  Miyero yekuchera makomba enheyo uye nzira dzekuvaka

Mukuwedzera kune basa guru rekuchenesa pasi, muridzi wacho achagadzirirawo zvinhu zvose. Zvinosanganisira simbi nesimbi yenheyo yeimba, simende, maturusi ekuvaka, nezvimwewo Kuve nechokwadi chekuti nzira yekuvaka inoitika nekukurumidza, zvakachengeteka uye nehutano. 

Gadzirira zvinhu zvehwaro

Gadzirira rebar 

Sezvakangoita maitiro kuvakwa kwenheyo imwe chetePanguva yekugadzirira kwekusimbisa uku, vashandi vekuvaka vachagadzirisa uye vanokotamisa simbi kuti vave nechokwadi chezvinodiwa zveunyanzvi. Panguva imwecheteyo, sarudza simbi dzesimbi dzinosangana nemitemo yekuoma uye kusimba. Iva nenzvimbo yakachena, isina ngura uye inokwana muchinjiko-chikamu kuti uiswe mukuvakwa. 

Kugadzirira kusimbiswa kudira nheyo yeimba
Nzira yekugadzirira kusimbiswa kwekudira nheyo yeimba

Uye zvakare, iwo welds anobatanidza simbi fasteners anofanirwawo kusangana nezviyero zvehunyanzvi zvakatemwa. Kunyanya, majoini anofanira kunge ari>= 10d, uye majoini anofanira kunge ari>= 30d. apo d ndiyo dhayamita yesimbi. 

Kuti uve nechokwadi chemhando yepamusoro yeprojekti yako, iwe unofanirwa kusarudza kutenga kusimbiswa kubva kune vane mukurumbira uye vakavimbika vatengesi. 

Gadzirira formwork

Formwork chimwe chinhu chinotarisa kusimba kwekuvaka. Nokudaro, nzira yekugadzirira inofanira kuitwa zvakakomba uye zvakachengeteka. 

Formwork inofanira kuva yemhando yakakwana, yakasimba uye yakasimba, kwete kuora. Zvitsigiro zvehuni zvinoda kuve nehupamhi hudiki hwe4cm, kuve nechokwadi chekuchengetedza. Kunyanya musati mashandisa muti wekutsigira, kuwanda kwemuti wekutsigira kunofanira kuverengwa zvakanyatsonaka uye zvakanyatsonaka. Kudzivirira kutamiswa, zvichikonzera kusachengeteka panguva yekuvaka chaiko. 

Xem thm  Simbi yenheyo yeimba uye zviyero zvehunyanzvi

Ita kudira mbambo

Mushure mekugadzirira zvizere kusimbiswa uye formwork, iyo nheyo yekudururira ichaitwa, asi usati wadira hwaro iwe unofanirwa kuvaka hwaro kuve nechokwadi chekuti simbi yakarukwa panzvimbo chaiyo isati yadirwa. Iyi zvakare inhanho yekupedzisira mukugadzira tepi yemba ine 2-storey, 3-storey imba ice hwaro. Munhanho iyi, vashandi vekuvaka vanoenderera mberi nekudurura kongiri zvakananga mumakomba enheyo asati acherwa. 

Nzira yekudurura nheyo yeimba 2-storey
Nzira yekudurura nheyo yeimba 2-storey

Paunenge uchidurura hwaro, zvinodikanwa kuve nechokwadi chekuti zvese zvekuvaka tekinoroji zvinodiwa zvinosangana kuve nechokwadi house foundation texture kuwana chimiro chakanakisisa. Sezvinongoita kongiri inofanira kuzadzwa munheyo, kongiri yakadururwa inofanira kunge isina tsvina kana zvimwe zvitsvina. Usasanganise dombo, matombo uye jecha nehukuru husina kunaka mukongiri yekudira nheyo. Inobata kunaka kwechigadzirwa chekupedzisira. 

Mukudurura nheyo, zvinokurudzirwa kudurura kubva kure kusvika pedyo. Inokurudzirwa kushandisa muti unotenderera pasi pamusoro pegomba renheyo kuti urege kumira zvakananga pamadziro efomu. Nzvengesa kuiswa kwakafanotaurwa kwenheyo. Kuti uwane kubudirira kwepamusoro mukudurura nheyo, varidzi vemba vanofanirawo kufunga nezvekusarudza chikwata chekuvaka. Kana kuti vashandi vane hunyanzvi hwekuvaka vane ruzivo rwakawanda mukuita. 

Iyo yakajairwa kudhirowa kweiyo 2-storey imba tepi hwaro uye nzira yekuroverera ichakanganisa zvakanyanya mhedzisiro yekuvaka kwako nekuvaka. Kana uine chero mibvunzo nezve izvi, usazeza kubata Quatest! 

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