Yakajairwa dhizaini dhizaini yenheyo yeimba ine nhurikidzwa nhatu

Standard dhizaini mifananidzo 3-storey bank hwaro kubatsira kuvakwa kwezvirongwa zvakakura kuve zvakachengeteka maererano nechokwadi. 3-storey ice hwaro ichawedzera kuomarara kumirisana nemasimba makuru ekumanikidza kubva pambiru uye makuru masonry madziro. 

Chii chinonzi ice chipikiri? Yakagadzirwa sei? Nguva yekushandisa ice misumari

Chii chinonzi ice chipikiri?

Mumashoko akareruka, tape nheyo imhando yenheyo muchimiro chemutsara wakareba, uri pasi pemadziro kana mbiru yechivako. Vanogona kugadzirwa vakazvimiririra kana kuyambuka mumwe nemumwe muchimiro chemuchinjikwa. Inoshanda sechitsigiro chemadziro kana mbiru kuti dzive dzakasimba panzvimbo.

Tape nheyo dzinoshandiswa kumapurojekiti makuru

Panyaya yekuoma uye zvivakwa, ice nheyo dzakakamurwa kuita matatu marudzi:

  • Zvipikiri zvinyoro
  • Zvipikiri zvakaoma
  • Kusanganiswa misumari

Zvinoenderana nemaitiro ekuumbwa, ichakamurwa kuita 2 mhando:

  • Faundesheni yenzira imwe chete: Inoshandiswa pakushandisa nzira imwe chete maererano neupamhi kana kuti kufara kwechivako. Kungofanana nemitsara inofambirana. Kuparadzaniswa pakati pemigwagwa kuchaitwa zvinoenderana nenzvimbo yeimba.
  • Nzira mbiri-nheyo: Chimiro chenheyo mutsara chinopindirana sechess board. 

Chimiro chechando nheyo

Kugadzira tepi hwaro, makondirakiti kana vavaki vanofanirwa kuziva ruzivo nezve ice hwaro hwaro:

Iyo ice hwaro ine yakangwarira uye yakanyatso dhizaini dhizaini, zvinosanganisira: yakaonda yekongiri, inoenderera inomhanya hwaro inozobatanidza hwaro mune yakagadziriswa block. Masimbi esimbi achabatanidzwa pamwechete kuti aumbe hwaro system. Iva nechokwadi chekugadzikana kwakakwana uye kutevera nzira yekuvaka. 

Mamiriro echando hwaro hwakasimba, chimiro chine hunyanzvi

Yekutanga kongiri layer ye ice hwaro inofanira kuitwa kune yakajairika ukobvu hwe100 mm. Iyi nhanho, kana yakakora, ichava nani kune basa, kwete kutetepa kupfuura kutsanangurwa. Zvikasadaro, zvichakanganisa zvakanyanya matanho anotevera. Iyi liner yepamusoro ichadzivisa kusangana kwesimbi nevhu. Nokuti kukwanisa kwekrete kunamatira kune ivhu hakusi kukwirira, zviri nyore kukonzera kuderera. Kukonzera chiitiko chekutsauka kwembambo kwete maererano nezvinodiwa zvehunyanzvi. 

  • Iyo yakajairwa nheyo slab mune 3-storey ice hwaro chimiro chine zviyero: 900-1200 × 350 mm.
  • Nheyo matanda mukuvaka kweiyo 3-storey ice nheyo chimiro anopiwa saizi ye300 × 500-700 mm.
  • Iyo yakajairika ndiro simbi ndeye phi 12a150.
  • Iyo yakajairika nheyo danda simbi ine: girder i phi 8a150, longitudinal simbi i6a (18-22).
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Mhando dzedzimba kana nheyo dzinofanirwa kushandisa magadziko echando

Dhizaini uye kuvaka tepi nheyo inowanzoshandiswa kune 3- kusvika 5-storey imba modhi. Kunyanya kuvaka dzimba dzechubhu nedzimba dzemutaundi. Iyo 3-storey imba hwaro parizvino inoongororwa nemakondirakiti nevagadziri senzira yakapusa yekuvaka. Iine kugadzirisa kwakadzikama uye inochengetedza mari yekuvaka. 

Nokudaro, ikozvino inowanzoshandiswa mukugadzirwa kweimba kupfuura mhando dzembambo single, pile foundation, raft foundation. Zvivakwa zvine pasi pasi pe3 zvinoshandisa screws, mirwi nheyo, nezvimwe.

Zviyero zvemazaya echando

Chimiro chechimiro chesimbi nheyo yechando

Shandisa simbi yakajairika woiisa zvakanaka

Graded ice chipikiri mhando nheyo isina kudzika, nheyo dzakavakwa pamusoro padzo Gomba renheyo rakacherwa sirin'i inobva yazadzwa shure. Kudzika kwehwaro hwakavigwa huchave hunenge 2m kusvika 3m. Kunyanya mapurojekiti makuru, kudzika kwenheyo kunogona kusiyana kusvika 5m. Kana zvakadaro, ichavakwa pasi porusvingo uye pasi pembiru. Standard parameters yesimbi nheyo inodiwa:

  • Kune iyo inowanzo shandiswa yakatetepa ndiro simbi ndeye: phi 12a150.
  • Nokuti nheyo danda simbi inowanzoshandiswa ndeiyi: bhandi (kwete 8a150)), longitudinal simbi (6 phi (18-22)).
  • Simbi yepamusoro inofanira kuva yakachena, yakatsetseka uye isina ngura. Haina kusvibiswa nejecha.
  • Simbi inofanirwa kunge iine yakanaka ductility yekubhenda. 
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Nzira yekuronga sei nheyo yesimbi?

Kugadzira kubatana kwakasimba pakuronga simbi, chipikiri simbi ice. Nzira iyo simbi inoiswa nayo inewo mimwe mipimo. 

Kurongeka kwesimbi nheyo tepi inoda kuve nechokwadi chinhambwe

Paunenge uchironga simbi, zvakakosha kubhadhara kureba pakati pemazariro. Kazhinji poindi yekusangana kwakatwasuka kwe2 tsvimbo inenge 10 kusvika 15 cm kureba.

Usaisa simbi pedyo nepasi pasi penheyo kunyanya kana Kuvakwa kwefandesheni yeimba yakatarisana. Kuita izvi kuchaita kuti chivharo chenheyo kana chadururwa chisina kusimba, nokuti simbi inoputika yakakwirira uye yakaderera, zvichiita kuti nheyo yenheyo ive isina kuenzana. Zvakanakisisa kuchengeta simbi iri kure ne 5 cm kubva kune liner.

Chivako chimwe nechimwe chine nhamba yakasiyana yepasi, saka nhamba yembiru uye simba rekumanikidza remadziro richachinja. Chivako chine nhurikidzwa nhatu chichava nembiru uye madziro mashoma pane chivako chine nhurikidzwa 3. Naizvozvo, kudzvanywa kwenheyo yeimba ye-5-storey ichave yakareruka kupfuura ye3-storey imba. Nokudaro, pakudurura nheyo, hupamhi hwenheyo yeimba ye-5-storey inoda kudarika imba ye-5-storey, kuitira kuti kuoma kwekutakura kunovimbisa kuchengetedzwa kweimba yakagadzikana. Zvichienderana nehuwandu hwepasi, ukobvu hwenheyo huchabva pa3cm kusvika 20cm. 

Urefu hwe chipikiri chimwe chete kana ice hwaro, zvinoenderana nehuwandu hwepasi pebasa rekuvaka. Mukuvaka tekinoroji zvinodiwa, zvinowanzoitika kubva pa40cm kudira kumusoro. 

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Zviyero zvetepi hwaro hweiyo 3-storey imba nheyo yechando

Ukuru hwenheyo yeimba ye-3-storey inotsanangurwa

Pese pakugadzira chero mapurojekiti edzimba, kunyanya ayo ane hwaro pavhu risina simba, inofanirwawo kuverenga kukora kweiyo 3-storey imba ice nheyo. Kuitira kuti chivako chive nenheyo yakanyatsogadziriswa. Pamwe chete nekuisa zvinodiwa kuti chirongwa chekuvaka chive chisina kukanganisa. Deredza kunaka kwemabasa. Iyo 3-storey imba tepi nheyo inotsanangurwa maererano nehukuru sezvinotevera:

  • Iyo nheyo yeimba ye 3-storey imba ine yakajairika nheyo slab saizi (900-1200) x350 mm.
  • Iyo nheyo yeimba ye 3-storey imba ine yakajairwa nheyo danda saizi ye300x(500-700) mm. 

Kudhirowa kwenheyo yeimba 3-storey

kudhirowa kwenheyo yeimba 3-storey
Floor plan dhizaini ye3-storey imba

Mamiriro ekugadzirwa kweiyo 3-storey ice nheyo inoda maitiro echizvino uye akangwara. Iyo kongiri layer inofanirwa kuve yakamisikidzwa nenheyo, density yenheyo inofambiswa mundiro inoenderera yakabatana kune yakasimba yakagadziriswa block. Nekuda kwekubatana uku, hwaro hwakasimba huchagadzirwa zvinoenderana nehunyanzvi hwekuvaka maitiro. 

kudhirowa kwenheyo yeimba 3-storey
Muchinjikwa-chikamu dhizaini yeimba ine nhurikidzwa nhatu

Ndinovimba neruzivo nezve yakajairwa dhizaini yekudhirowa kweiyo 3-storey imba nheyo, yakagovaniswa nenyanzvi dzekugadzira. Paunenge uchifunga kuita 3-storey mapurojekiti edzimba, dzidza nekungwarira nezve 3-storey imba hwaro. Saka iwe unogona kuve nechokwadi chekuti imba yako yakavakwa kusvika pakugona kwayo. Batsira nhengo dzemhuri kuva nemba yakanaka uye vanzwe vakachengeteka ivo vamene. 

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