Standard kuvaka nzira yeimwe nheyo

Single nheyo ndeimwe yeanonyanya kushandiswa uye akakurumbira nheyo mukuvaka imba. Saka simbi yenheyo imwe chete inofanira kurongwa sei? Pamwe chete nechiyero chechiyero kuvakwa kwenheyo imwe chete. Tsvaga kuburikidza nechinyorwa chiri pasi apa.

Maitiro ekusarudza kushandisa imwe nheyo simbi pakuvaka

Mukuvaka kwese. Nheyo nguva dzose ndiyo inonyanya kukosha chikamu. Uye yakanaka mbambo imwe chete 1 nzira ice chipikiri hakuna anosiya. Nheyo imwe chete ichatarisira basa rekutakura mutoro wechivako chose. Pamwe chete nekuona kuti chivakwa chinogona kumira kuti chishandire zvinodiwa nevanhu.

Nekuda kwechinhu ichi, pakuita nzira yekuvakwa kwenheyo imwe chete, chikamu chimwe chete chesimbi chinoshandiswa zvakanyanya nheyo yeimba pavhu rakapfava mimwe mipimo inofanira kuzadzikiswa. Kubva ipapo, nheyo inogona kusangana nekugona kwayo kwechokwadi.

Izvo zviyero zveimwe nheyo simbi kana uchishandisa imwe nheyo yekuvaka nzira ndeiyi:

  • Simbi inoshandiswa inofanira kuva yemhando yepamusoro.
  • Chikamu chekusimbisa chinogona kugadzirwa nemaoko pafekitari kana panzvimbo yekuvaka. Nekudaro, ivo vanofanirwa kutevedzera zvakatemwa zveyakapfuura tekinoroji mifananidzo.
  • Kuzadzikiswa kwekusimbisa kunofanirwa kuve nechokwadi chekuti simbi dzesimbi dzakacheneswa. Pamusoro panofanira kunge pasina mafuta uye tsvina. Kunyanya ngura. Kana ngura ikaonekwa, inofanira kucheneswa isati yaita kudaro.
  • Simbi mbariro dzine kuderedzwa muchinjiko-chikamu kana kuti flatten haifanire kudarika 2%.
  • Weld majoini anofanira kuona> 10d
  • Yakamanikidzwa kupatsanura> 30d
  • Munguva yekuvaka, kongiri haina kudirwa kuvhara kusimbiswa. Simbi inopera uye majoini anoda kuputirwa nehomwe yepurasitiki. Izvi zvichava nechokwadi chepamusoro-soro kusimbiswa.
imwe nheyo yesimbi kuronga
Ndeipi mipimo yekuvakwa kwenheyo imwe chete?

Standard imwe nheyo simbi marongerwo

Zvichienderana nenzvimbo pakudhirowa kwenzvimbo yekuvaka. Kurongeka kweimwe nheyo yekusimbisa, kana simbi 3-storey imba ice hwaro zvichaitwa zvakasiyana. Kune marudzi matatu emagadzirirwo anoshandiswa mune imwechete nheyo yekuvaka nzira: iyo yepakati marongero, iyo angular kuronga uye pakati kutsauka.

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Kurongeka kwe-single-center steel foundation

Muzviitiko zvitatu zviri pamusoro apa. Kurongeka kweimwe-center simbi hwaro ndiyo yakanyanya kurongeka. Iyi marongerwo inowanzoshandiswa mumbiru pakati peimba. Kana kuti mbiru dziri munzvimbo yekona, pakati pemupendero weimba kana nyika yako yakakura zvakakwana uye isingakanganisi zvivakwa zvevavakidzani paunenge uchiita nheyo.

Kurongeka kwe-single-center foundation steel kunoitwa maererano nematanho anotevera:

Danho 1: Dururira kongiri lining butt misumari kugadzira ndege. 

Dururirai mutsetse mutete wekongiri nehukobvu hunosvika 10cm mugomba renheyo. Iyi nhanho ichava nekudzivirira uye inogadzira nzvimbo yakadzika panguva yekuisa simbi.

Danho rechipiri: Ita hurongwa hwekusimbisa nheyo imwe chete

Padanho iri, zvichienderana nechimiro cheiyo mhando dzembambo Kusiyana, marongerwo emasimbi anotakura akasiyana. Kana nheyo yeskweya yakashandiswa, mushandi wekuvaka haafaniri kunetseka pamusoro pekuti simbi yakareba iri pamusoro kana pasi. Muchikoro shandisa zvipikiri zvine rectangular. Mapfupi anotakura simbi masimbi anoda kuiswa pasi. Iyo yakareba inotakura simbi simbi iri pamusoro.

Simbi, simbi yembambo dzembambo saizi inowanzoshandiswa ndeye Φ12, kureba pakati pesimbi mbariro kubva 10-15 cm.

Kunze kwezvo, kusimbiswa kunofanira kuiswa anenge 5cm kubva kune kongiri lining. Izvi zvichaita kuti kusimbiswa hakuiti ngura. Pamwe nekubatsira kuwedzera chisungo pakati pembambo uye nheyo yembambo.

kudhirowa kwembambo imwe chete
Mbiru dzesimbi dzinofanirwa kurongeka pakati penheyo yepasi uye nekusangana nenheyo simbi yepasi kuti iwedzere kugadzikana.

Danho rechitatu: Ronga mbiru dzesimbi

Nembiru chikamu chenheyo. Simbi yakashandiswa mukugadzira ndeye Φ16. Paunenge uchiita kuvaka, uchiisa mbiru, zvinokwanisika kushandisa mbiru 6 kana mbiru 4 zvichienderana nezvinodiwa zvepurojekiti kana investor. Makumbo esimbi anofanira kupetwa akatwasuka mumakona mana uye akaenzana kureba. Izvi zvichava nechokwadi chokuti simba rakagoverwa rembiru rinopararira zvakaenzana pamusoro penheyo yose.

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Nharaunda pakati pembiru dzesimbi inotangira kubva pa20-30 cm zvichienderana neprojekti. Mabhandi esimbi anoumba mbiru anofanira kuparadzaniswa 10-15 cm kureba.

Kunze kwezvo, mbiru yesimbi inosiiwa sefuremu yekubatanidza gare gare, saka ine hurefu hwakasiyana. Panguva iyoyo, majoini ekushongedza achaitwa munzvimbo dzakasiyana. Chengetedza chimiro checylindrical.

Kurongeka kwesimbi imwe nheyo pakona

Single-angle nheyo inowanzoiswa pakona yeimba. Nekuda kwehunhu hwenzvimbo, inofanirwa kunge ichisangana nemabasa akatenderedza. Nheyo imwe chete yakagadzirirwa pakona kuti irege kukanganisa mabasa akapoteredza. Panguva imwecheteyo, ramba uine chokwadi chekuti kuvakwa kwakagadzikana zvakakwana.

Single nheyo yekuvaka nzira
Rutsoka rwesimbi runofanira kuiswa kune imwe kona yakatarisana kuti ibatsire kugovera mutoro pamusoro penheyo yose

Kurongeka kwesimbi imwe-angled nheyo yesimbi yakafanana neyepakati-yepakati simbi yakarongeka. Zvisinei, simbi iri mumbiru inoda kuiswa pakona asi ichiri mukati menheyo yepamusoro. Miti yemativi inofanira kuiswa yakananga mukati menheyo chiso. Izvi zvichapa hwaro hwaro hwakasimba.

Kurongeka kwesimbi imwe nheyo ine kutsauka kwepakati

Iyo imwe nzvimbo yekutsauka inowanzo shandiswa muzvimiro zvemataundi nemataundi. The single center deviation inowanzoiswa pamuganhu wemadziro ichisangana neiyo yakatarisana nenheyo yeimba. Uye pakati pezvipikiri zviviri zvakatevedzana.

Kurongeka kwesimbi-chepakati nheyo yesimbi yakafanana neyepakati-centered steel foundation. Musiyano uripo pakati penzira mbiri idzi uri pahuwandu hwembiru uye marongerwo embiru.

imwe nheyo simbi marongerwo
Nheyo yemucheto inotakura simba rakawanda kudarika nheyo yekona, saka inoda kusimbiswa zvakasimba

Kana iyo yepakati column ye imwe nheyo 3-storey imba 4 kana 6 simbi mbariro dzakarongwa mune sitiroko chimiro. Iyo pakati pembiru yekutsauka inorongwa ne 7 columns. Imo, 2 mbariro dzesimbi kumucheto kwenheyo yenheyo uye 2 dziri pedyo nesimbi mbariro dzinoda kutenderedzwa dzakatwasuka uye dzichimhanya dzakafanana nepamusoro penheyo yesimbi refu. Akasara maviri emakona esimbi simbi anoiswa diagonally akananga kune yakatarisana kona. Uye kuguma kwesimbi yakasara bhari inofanira kuiswa yakaenzana kune nheyo pfupi simbi.

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