Zviyero zve 2-storey imba mukombe nheyo

Standard for mukombe chipikiri Imba yenyaya mbiri inosanganisirei? Ichi ndicho chimwe chezvinhu zvakakosha izvo vanhu vashoma vanonyatsoziva pakuvaka dzimba nekushanda. Ngationei zvakawanda pamusoro paikoku kupfurikidza nechinyorwa chinotevera chenyanzvi dzokuvaka.

Ndezvipi zvipikiri zvemukombe? Inogadzirwa sei?

Ndezvipi zvipikiri zvemukombe?

Ndeipi nheyo yeimba ine 2-storey?
Nheyo yeimba ye 2-storey ine yakanaka yekubereka simba

Zvipikiri zvemukombe, zvinozivikanwawo sezvipikiri zvimwechete, zvinodaidzwa nengano. Iyi mhando yenheyo inoshandiswa zvakanyanya mumapurojekiti mazhinji edzimba dzevagari. Hazvidi kuti kutakura mutoro wakawandisa, unokodzera zvivakwa zvine hurefu hwe 3 pasi kana pasi. Cup misumari pakutanga kuona ine chimiro chakafanana ne propeller claws.

Mukombe hwaro chimiro

Cup nheyo ine chimiro chakareruka, kuvakwa kuri nyore uye kunoda mutengo wakaderera uchienzaniswa nemamwe marudzi mazhinji enheyo. Chimiro chembambo chine mativi, denderedzwa kana rectangular. Rutsoka rwembiru yehwaro ihobvu yekongiri. Kana kuti unogona kushandisa zvidhinha zvakaturikidzana pamusoro peimwe kuti zvive zvakanyanya flat.

Iyo yekusimbisa sisitimu inofambiswa mukati membiru yemuviri uye pazasi pegadziko mukati meiyo cup foundation. Ita shuwa shanduko yemuganho pakati pedombo. Nheyo yehwaro inofanira kuiswa pavhu rakanaka uye ine hudzika hushoma hwe 1 m. Izvo zvinodiwa kuderedza kuisa panzvimbo yakapfava iyo inozodzika nyore nyore nheyo inokanganisa kunaka kwebasa.

Xem thm  Nzira yekucheka nheyo yechivako nemaoko

Mukuwedzera, kuputika kwevhu muvhu repamusoro kunofanirawo kuonekwa. Kuti udzivise mhedzisiro yemvura yakakura ichipinda muvhu.

Standard yekapu nheyo yeimba ine nhurikidzwa mbiri?

Kubva panheyo mutoro

Zvichienderana nemhedzisiro yemutoro, vanhu vakakamurwa kuita marudzi eimba nheyo mushure:

  • Foundation loading right centre
  • Eccentric mutoro wakatakura hwaro
  • Nheyo dzezvivakwa zvirefu senge matangi, chimneys, shongwe dzemvura, nezvimwe.
  • Nheyo dzinowanzo takura masimba makuru akachinjika senge madhamu emagetsi emvura, madziro ekuchengeta, nezvimwe.
  • Nheyo dzichanyanya kutakura mutoro wakatwasuka nechinguva chidiki

Kubva pakuoma kwembambo

Kuvakwa kwe2-storey imba nheyo
Yakajairwa mukombe zvipikiri zvinoenderana neakasiyana maitiro

Chiyero che 2-storey imba mukombe faundesheni zvichienderana nekuoma kwenheyo inopihwa sezvizvi:

  • Kune zvipikiri zvakaoma zvachose: Kuoma kwenheyo yakakura zvikuru iyo inogona kusvika infinity, deformation ishoma zvikuru inenge zero. Aya marudzi achave ane zvidhina hwaro, Concrete Stone.
  • Kune hwaro hwakapfava: Iyi nheyo inozokwanisa kukanganisa pamwe nepasi. Iyo dhigirii ye deformation yakawedzera kana kushoma flexural zvichienderana nemamiriro evhu. Nheyo dzekongiri dzakasimbiswa dzichava nereshiyo refu/ipfupi yedivi> 8, yerudzi rwenheyo yakapfava.
  • Kune hwaro hwakaomarara hwakasimba: Rudzi urwu rwakasimbisa kongiri hwaro nereshiyo yerutivi rurefu kune ipfupi side ≤ 8.

Zvinoenderana nekuti inogadzirwa sei

  • Iine yakazara block hwaro: Iyi nheyo ichagadzirwa kubva kune akasiyana zvinhu, akagadzirwa panzvimbo dzekuvaka.
  • Nenheyo yakagadziridzwa: Nheyo inoumbwa nematombo akawanda akagadzirwa, ayo anounganidzwa pamwe chete panguva yekuvakwa kwenheyo.
Xem thm  Miyero yezvigadziko zvepropeller mudzimba dzakavakwa

Standard kapu nheyo yekuvaka maitiro

Kuti uwane mhedzisiro yakanaka kana uchishandisa yakajairwa mukombe hwaro kana chero mhando pile foundation Nekudaro, panofanirwa kuve nezviyero mukusarudzwa kwezvinhu uye zviyero mukuita kwekuvaka. Naizvozvo, zvinodikanwa kunyatsoita uye nemazvo kuita iyo chipikiri ironing nhanho. Heano maitiro anonyanya kushandiswa nhasi:

Kugadzirira danho

Zvinoda kugadzirira zvakakwana basa uye zvinhu. Ivhu rinovakwa nheyo yakanaka foundation wall inofanira kubudiswa nokukurumidza sezvinobvira kuti ive nechokwadi chebudiriro.

Murwi

Ndeapi zviyero zvenheyo yeimba 2-storey?
Kuvakwa kwezvipikiri zvekapu maererano nemaitiro

Pile density inotarirwa zvichienderana nekugadzirwa kwechivako chimwe nechimwe. Kupeta basa kunoda kuve nechokwadi kudzikisa kugadzika kwenheyo.

Kuchera makomba

Ivhu rakapoteredza mirwi inocherwa kuti ienderane nehukuru hwenheyo. Kuitira kuti pakuita concreting, ita shuwa kuve uine data pakadzika, hupamhi uye kudzika. Kubetsera faundesheni kuva nesimba rakakodzera rokutakura mitoro inodiwa nokuda kwebasa rokuvaka.

Kudzikamisa gomba pamusoro

Mushure mekuchera gomba uye nekudira kongiri zvinoenderana nezviyero, gomba richagadzikiswa, kuve nechokwadi chekudzika yunifomu nekushandisa ma compactor emaoko kana hunyanzvi hwekugadzirisa midziyo. Mushure meizvozvo, dombo redombo rinogona kuvharwa zvakaenzana kuti rigadzire iyo yakanyanya kupfava yegomba base.

Xem thm  Miyero yedhizaini yekudhirowa kweiyo raft nheyo dzedzimba

Concrete Lining

Vanhu vanozoenderera mberi nekudurura danda rakatetepa rekongiri lining kutanga, kugadzira nzvimbo yakati sandara yenheyo. Izvi zvinobatsirawo kudzikisira kugona kwenheyo kutora zvakawanda.

Kudurura zvipikiri

Ndechipi chimiro chenheyo yeimba 2-storey?
Kuzadzisa matanho ekuroverera nemazvo

Sekuvaka rafts uye ice misumari. Mushure mekunge matanho apera, anozoendeswa kune imwe nhanho yekugadzirisa simbi furemu system uye formwork. Nhanho yekupedzisira ndeyekudira kongiri kupedzisa nheyo.

Cherechedza: Mukuita kudira kongiri, teerera kuti usafashura gomba nemvura, zvichikanganisa kunaka kwekongiri. Uye mushure mekubvisa fomu, zvakakosha kutarisa kuchengetedza nheyo yekudurura zvakanaka. Kuve nechokwadi chemhando yepamusoro yenheyo kusvika kune inotevera yekupedzisa kuvaka matanho.

Izvo zviyero zve 2-storey imba nheyo yakatsanangurwa mune chinyorwa chiri pamusoro. Tariro yekubatsira vaverengi kuwana ruzivo runobatsira rwaunoda. Dzidza nekungwarira nezvemaitiro ekuvaka kuti ugone kuve neyakachengeteka uye yakanakisa mhando yezvivakwa. Kana iwe uine chero mibvunzo nezve chinyorwa, ndapota siya mhinduro pazasi.

Leave a Reply

Your kero e haangazozikamwi ichibudiswa. Raida minda anozivikanwa *