Iyo yazvino zviyero mukongiri pasi pekudzivirira mvura nhasi

Concrete pasi kudzivirira mvura ndiko kudzivirira kwemvura yemvura kupinda kana kupararira mukati mechimiro chemukati. Kushandiswa kwezviyero, kushandiswa kwekongiri yekudzivirira mvura kunonyanya kukosha, kunyanya mukugadzirisa kunaka kwekuvaka.

1. Standard classification yemvura inodzivirira zvinhu zvekongiri pasi

Vietnam Kuvaka Standard 367: 2006 - TCXDVN inoronga anti-dot zvinhu sezvinotevera.

1.1 Kurongeka zvinoenderana nemabviro maitiro

Musanganiswa wekudzivirira mvura (organic + inorganic): Pane 2 zvikamu zvakasanganiswa pamwe chete, zvakajairika mumunda wekuvaka.

Organic waterproofing agent: Kazhinji soluble, liquid powder solution. Yakatorwa kubva ku polymer uye bitumen, kana yakaoma, ichaita firimu yakaonda pamusoro pemadziro, ichipikisa kupindira kwemvura. Yakachengeteka, eco-inoshamwaridzika organic zvinhu. Mamwe organic asingapindi mvura mhando ndeaIndex, Rainkote, Radcon, Sankote, Sika...

sika .organic inodzivirira mvura
sika .organic inodzivirira mvura

Inorganic waterproofing agent: Zvimwe zvinhu zvakaita seSaka simende yekugadzira dhaka isina shrinkage, kuramba kwemvura uye kutsemuka kuramba kwakanakira kongiri. Silicate yekudzivirira mvura inopfapfaidza yakananga mukongiri ichigadzira nzvimbo isina mvura mukati megomba capillary. Liquid crystal isina mvura Intoc inopinda zvakadzika mumacapillaries kongiri itsva nokuda kwekudzivirira mvura. Yakakwirira-tech Si-Rex03 inodzivirira pendi haisi kungodzivirira mvura uye kuzvichenesa, asiwo inodzivirira mildew uye colorfast. Kana kuti Penetron reverse inodzivirira mvura inovhara capillaries, inoramba nzira dzekuwedzera dzekongiri.

1.2 Kukamurwa zvinoenderana nemamiriro ezvinhu

Liquid material:

  • Hapana zvinonyungudutsa
  • Organic solvents
  • Mvura inonyungudutsa

Namatidza zvinhu: Mapepa akakora (namo - glue) sedhaka/epoxy pendi.

  • 1 chinhu
  • Multiple ingredients (kazhinji yakaoma yakasanganiswa nemvura)

Zvinhu zvakasimba

  • Bhara fomu: Inowanzoonekwa semvura inomira kana mvura yekumisa bar. Iwo anoumbwa nerabha, kana akafumurwa kumvura anowedzera. Iyi kongiri yekudzivirira mvura inoshandiswa pakuvaka pombi mitsipa kana kumira.
Pipe muhuro tepi isina mvura
Pipe muhuro tepi isina mvura
  • Sheet type: Yakagadzirwa nebhitumini, yakasimbiswa nefiber glass, rock/sand mineral layer. Unhu hwepepa hunenge hunoenderana nebhitumini, kana bhitumini isiri yakanaka, kana membrane inoshandiswa, zvinhu zvinoyerera zvisina kuenzana uye zvine hurombo hwekunamatira. Huwandu hwehupamhi hwepepa ndeye 1m. Pepa rinonyanya kufarirwa rinobva kuEurope / kana zvigadzirwa zvinosangana neEU zviyero.
  • Mabhawa emvura: Pamasekete ekumisa epasi, kuisirwa tepi yekudzivirira mvura kunosungirwa. Concrete yekudzivirira mvura tepi inogadzirwa kubva kune yakakwirira-giredhi PVC, kudzivirira chero kupinza, kunyangwe kana iyo condensate kuputika maitiro kunoitika.
  • Granulated.
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1.3 Kurongwa maererano nemusimboti wekudzivirira mvura

  • Full block waterproofing: Dzivirira mvura kubva mukati, sanganisa nezvinhu zvekudzivirira mvura kuita kuti kongiri yese isapinda mvura. Nzvimbo dzakakosha senge dzekugezera, seno, makomba ekusimudza, uye zvimbuzi zvinowanzo shandisa nzira iyi.
  • Kudzivirira mvura kwepamusoro: Mashizha ebhitumini, pendi isingapindi mvura inobatsira kutungamira mhute yemvura, zvichireva kuti nzvimbo yekongiri yakaparadzaniswa nekwanobva mvura. Nekudaro, kana zvinhu zviviri izvi zvakabvaruka kana kubaiwa, kongiri inopindika zvakare.
  • Kuzadza kwekudzivirira mvura, kuisa: Kana zvinhu zvinoshandiswa pakudzivirira mvura zvakapfapfaidzwa pamusoro pekongiri, ivo vanokurumidza kupinda mukati, vachizadza capillaries kubatsira kongiri kuti isapinda mvura. Zvichienderana nekongiri yakagadzirwa, iyo inodzivirira mvura dhizaini inowanzoita 5-10mm gobvu.

2. Standard mukudzivirira mvura kongiri pasi 

Zvinoenderana neVietnam chiyero 5718: 1993 / TCVN, kudzivirira mvura zvinodiwa pakuvaka yakasimbiswa kongiri matenga uye pasi.

2.1 Zvisungo zvakajairika

Dzimwe tsananguro kuti unzwisise

  • Uriri kongiri yakasimbiswa: Floor ine heat resistant layer, pasi isina kupisa inodzivirira layer, patsva pasi, yekare pasi inoda kugadziriswa.
  • Floor yenzvimbo yekushandisa mvura: Yakasimbiswa kongiri pasi munzvimbo yekushandisa mvura senge nzvimbo yekugezera, chimbuzi, imba yekugezera.
  • Kongiri isina mvura: Kongiri isina mvura inopinda mukati.

Kuumbwa kwemvura isina mvura kongiri giredhi 200 (tafura)

PC30 Portland Cement
Jecha rine M1 risingasviki 2mm
Aggregate Dmax haisi kupfuura 2cm
Mvura:
Kudonha:
350kg
780kg kana 0,55m3
1100kg kana 0,80m3
190 - 200 litita
4-5cm

Regulation

  • Zvishandiso zvinoshandiswa kugadzira kongiri zvinodiwa kusangana nezviyero TCVN 1770: 1986 uye 1771: 1986
  • Concrete zvivakwa zvinoda zvese kudzivirira mvura uye kutakura mutoro zvinofanirwa kuongororwa simba risati ravakwa.
  • Denga rekudzivirira mvura kongiri kana pasina zvakakosha zvinodiwa hazvifanirwe kushandisa chiratidzo> 200/
  • > 5cm ndiyo yakajairwa isina mvura kongiri ukobvu. Kana iri yekusimbisa, ingoiisa maererano nemitemo.
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2.2 Mitemo yekudzivirira mvura kongiri pasi nematenga

  • Sarudza kuumbwa kwekongiri maererano netafura
  • Gadzira kongiri mushure memaawa 1,2 -2 muzhizha, maawa 3-4 muchando. Kana uchishandisa muchina, shandisa face compactor. Kana riri remawoko, shandisa trowel kurovera pamusoro pekongiri kusvika mvura yayangarara wozoikwiza zvakare. Cherechedza usashandise simbi yesimbi, shandisa trowel yemapuranga chete, ruvara rwakadzikama mushure mekugadzirisa. Kurapa kongiri maererano neTCVN 5592: 1991.
Denga rekongiri pasi kudzivirira mvura
Denga rekongiri pasi kudzivirira mvura
  • Isa mubatanidzwa wekupisa-unyoro hwekuwedzera maererano nemaitiro anotevera: Nedenga kazhinji hapana kupfuura 6-9m; denga rinodzivirira kupisa haripfuuri 18m. Yakasimbiswa kongiri zvimiro zvinoiswa pasi pezuva rakananga zvinoiswawo ne 18m mwando-kupisa majoini ekuwedzera. Kuiswa kwacho kuri pamusoro pemadziro, matanda anotsigira network yedenga. Kana iri pakati pemadziro nematanda ipfupi pane inodiwa chinhambwe chekuwedzera majoini, yakawedzera simbi isingagarwe nesimbi inofanira kuiswa yekongiri panzvimbo yematanda nemadziro. Izvo zvinodiwa kuti uise kuburikidza nekunyorova kwekuwedzera kupisa kwejoini apo denga rekongiri pasi rinodururwa panzvimbo.
  • 5cm ndihwo hurefu hudiki hwehunyoro hwekuwedzera kupisa kwemajoini mipendero.

Iyo inobudirira nzira yekuisa mvura kongiri pasi ndeye kushandisa organic zvinhu, dzivirira rabha bepa, pepa remafuta.

Paunenge uchigadzirisa denga rekongiri rinopinda, zvakakosha kuterera kune: Bvisa blister, moss pamusoro> Yakachena padenga kongiri> Natanidzazve mavara emvura, makongi ekongiri> Seta majoini ekuwedzera kupisa hunyoro> Kushandisa polymer dhaka kusapinda mvura uye panguva imwechete kudzivirira kupisa. zvedenga here? Nguva nenguva tarisa uye chenesa denga.

2.3 Zviyero zvekudzivirira mvura zvekongiri pasi

Huri hutsva hwekudzivirira mvura

  • Kuvakwa kusina mvura dira kongiri pasi inoitwa sepakugadzirisa denga rekongiri isingapindi mvura pamusoro. Gadzira nzira inotsvedza zvishoma paunenge uchiendesa.
  • Gadzira jira risingapinde mvura/kupeta:
  • Shandisa polymer dhaka, jecha simende giredhi 80 kuisa dhaka risina mvura. 
  • Kana ukashandisa simende-jecha dhaka: Shandisa trowel yehuni kupfavisa, bhabhadzira zvakaenzana, rapa kwemazuva matatu, paradzira grout sezvinodiwa. Polymer grout inofanirwa kutevedzera mirairo yemugadziri.
  • Mushure mekunge kuiswa kwemvura nemagetsi system kwapera, kuchenesa kutsva kuchaiswa nedhaka risina mvura. Mitsetse yakatsetseka yakasimudzwa kubva pasi pemadziro <20cm.
  • Tsiva screed nekongiri yekudzivirira mvura pendi, asi usashandise pepa risina mvura.
Kudzivirira mvura kwekongiri yepasi zvimbuzi
Kudzivirira mvura kwekongiri yepasi zvimbuzi

Kudzivirira mvura pasi pekare

  • Chenesa chidimbu chakakanganisika, tsvina mukati
  • Welding makatsemuka / makomba ekongiri
  • Chenesa pamusoro pekongiri
  • Gadzira chitubu chisingapindi mvura, chitubu chakatsetseka sekugadzira uriri hutsva pamusoro.
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3. 3 Nzira dzinoshanda dzekudzivirira mvura kongiri pasi

3.1 Kudzivirira mvura pasi neSikaproof Membrane

Kudzivirira mvura pasi neSikaproof Membrane

Iyi ibhitumini polymer liquid yekudzivirira mvura. Pamusoro pekudzivirira mvura pasi, Sikaproof Membrane inowanzoshandiswa kuisa sirin'i mvura, madziro, mabharukoni, matenga akatsetseka, kongiri mbiru…zvinobudirira.

Sikaproof Membrane zvinhu zvinoshandiswa mukudzivirira mvura imba yekongiri Mutengo unonzwisisika, nyore kushandisa nesprayer, brashi. Iyo yekupedzisira-yekukurumidza kuomesa maitiro inogadzira yakaenzana, inochinjika gap-kuzadza firimu. Kunyanya, dhizaini yemidziyo haina zvinonyungudutsa, haina kunamatira pamaoko, uye haina kunhuwa.

3.2 Kudzivirira mvura pasi neine self-adhesive waterproof membrane

Self-adhesive waterproof membrane
Self-adhesive waterproof membrane

Iyo membrane yekudzivirira mvura yakafukidzwa nekatete, shizha-yakaita HDPE (yakakwirira density poly ethylene) membrane. HDPE inodzivirira kupisa zvakanyanya, kunyangwe munzvimbo dzemvura uye mhinduro. Hapana alkali, ngura kunyangwe mumvura ine acid. 

Kushandisa self-adhesive waterproofing membrane inogadzirisa zvachose dambudziko re seepage. Iwe unongoda kubvisa kunze kwesilicone layer, wozoinamatira zvakananga pane kongiri. Ichi chinyorwa chekudzivirira mvura chinoshandiswawo zvakanyanya mukudzivirira mvura kwetunnels, culverts, mabhiriji nemigwagwa. Izvo zvakachengeteka kune hutano, hushamwari kune zvakatipoteredza, kwete kusarudza pamusoro pekuvaka zvinhu, hazvina zvinhu zvine chepfu. Nzira yekudzivirira mvura yekrete pasi ne-self-adhesive membranes inosarudzwa nemhuri dzakawanda. Zvisinei, iyi haisiyo mhinduro yakanakisisa yekugara uye hupenyu hurefu.

3.3 Kudzivirira mvura kweasphalt pasi

Kudzivirira mvura asphalt pasi
Kudzivirira mvura asphalt pasi

Pakuisa asphalt kongiri yekudzivirira mvura. Iwe unofanirwa kuve nechokwadi chekuchenesa nzvimbo ne asphalt-based primer (iyo yakaoma, isina tsvina).

Panguva yekuvaka, asphalt panels inoda kuenzaniswa, kwete kupeta. Peneru dzeparutivi dzakanamirwa pamwe chete dzinenge 10cm, bhodhi rekupedzisira rinonamirwa 15cm. Pazvinzvimbo zvinopindirana nemadziro, zvakakosha kunamira 15cm pamadziro.

Nzvimbo dzisina simba dzakadai semutsipa wepombi yemvura, sinkhole, tsoka yemubhedha inopindirana pasi inoda kusimbiswa ne-asphalt-based primer. Mukuwedzera, asphalt kudzivirira mvura kunobatsirawo Concrete kupora nyore uye nekukurumidza.

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