Chimiro chechimiro chefaro uye kudhirowa kwenheyo ye1-storey imba

Faundesheni yeimba chii? Ndezvipi zvinhu zvinoda kuteverwa pakuvaka imba kuti ikwanise kuvaka purojekiti yakanaka uye yakachengeteka? Dzidza nezve mwero nechinyorwa chiri pazasi house foundation texture uye tarisa kune yakapusa 1-storey imba nheyo dhizaini!

Faundesheni yeimba chii? Mamiriro ekugadzirisa nheyo

Nheyo yeimba ndiyo inonyanya kukosha pakuvaka chero chivako. Iwo musanganiswa wezvidhinha, dombo kana kongiri uye anoiswa kumagumo bhiriji reimba. Nheyo dzeimba dzichafanira kutakura mutoro wose wechivako kusvika pasi. Nokudaro, zvinotarisirwa kuti dhizaini nekuvakwa kwenheyo yeimba inofanira kuva yemhando yepamusoro uye yakasimba. Zvikasadaro, pane zviitiko zvakaita sekudonha, kugadzirisa, kuputika kwemadziro kana matenga, zvinokanganisa zvakanyanya kuchengetedza panguva yekushandiswa. Mukuita faundesheni yeimba, vashandi vanofanira kuita kuvaka hwaro Chenjerera kuti uve nechokwadi chekugadzirwa uye zviyero usati watanga.

Vanhu vanokamura hwaro hwemba mumhando ina huru: hwaro hwechando, hwaro hwega, hwaro hwe raft uye hwaro hwemurwi.

Ice Claw

1-storey imba hwaro ice hwaro
Ice hwaro maitiro

Tape hwaro hwaro hwakareba hunokwanisa kutsigira nekubatanidza mirwi yenheyo. Tepi misumari ine mhando mbiri dzinosanganisira:

  • Imwe-nzira nheyo yakagadzirirwa kuva yakakura uye yakakora nokuti inofanira kutakura mutoro wose weimba.
  • Iyo 2-nzira hwaro hwaro hwakagadzirwa mumativi ese akachinjika uye akatwasuka. Nekuti kune nzira mbiri dzekutakura mitoro, iyi nzira yenheyo erection inonyanya kushandiswa.

Chipikiri chimwe

Single-storey imba nheyo
Single foundation structure

Zvipikiri zvimwechete zvinozivikanwawo sembiru kana mukombe zvipikiri mungano. Iyi inzira yekushandisa makoramu nemagasi emakoramu kugadzira hwaro. Zvipikiri zvimwechete zvinowanzowanikwa zvakasiyana kubva kune mumwe nemumwe, kazhinji mativi, rectangular. Iyi ndiyo nzira inogona kunzi inodhura zvishoma yesarudzo dzenheyo.

Xem thm  Nzira yekucheka nheyo yechivako nemaoko

Naizvozvo, ichi zvakare chirongwa chinoshandiswa kuvaka hwaro hwaro hwe1-storey imba, dhizaini dhizaini yedanho 4 imba nheyo.

 Claw

Single-storey imba nheyo raft hwaro
Mhando dze raft misumari

Iyo raft hwaro ndiyo hwaro pasi pembiru iyo yakafara mumativi maviri. Iyi inzira yekuvaka nheyo inotora mukana wevhu rakanaka pamusoro, pasina kuchera kwakadzika kuvaka nheyo. Ukobvu hweiyi layer yemapuranga hunobva pa 2 kusvika 0.5m gobvu ne 2 anotakura madirections kuti ave nechokwadi chekuremerwa kwechivako.

Murwi hwaro

1-storey imba nheyo murwi hwaro
Chimiro chemurwi nheyo

Iyo mirwi nheyo sarudzo inowanzo shandiswa mumamiriro epasi asina kusimba uye yakakura mitoro yekuvaka. Yakanyanya kufanirwa kune akasiyana mapurojekiti nekuda kweiyo yakapfuma chimiro uye zvinhu zvemirwi.

General zviyero zveimba nheyo chimiro

Kuti uvake yakachengeteka uye yemhando yenheyo yeimba imwe nheyo, zvinodikanwa kutevedzera mashoma mashoma anosanganisira "

  • Nzira dzekuvaka nematanho ekuita hwaro dzinoda kuongororwa nekuongororwa pamwe chete nemapato ari kuita mabasa epasi pevhu, kuvaka migwagwa uye mamwe mabasa anocherechedzwa mukuita "kutenderera" kwete "(Zero cycle inoteedzana basa rinosanganisira kuchera gomba renheyo, kuvakwa kwenheyo, kuvakwa kwenheyo, uye kudzosera kumashure)
  • Sarudzo yehurongwa hwekuvaka hwaro inoda kufunga nezve data rekuongorora geological rakaunganidzwa panguva yekugadzira basa. Uye zvinodikanwa kuita imwe ongororo uye tsvagiridzo kana zvikaonekwa kuti iyo data mudhizaini haienderane nemamiriro chaiwo.
  • Zvishandiso, zvikamu uye zvikamu zvezvimiro zvinoshandiswa pakuvaka hwaro zvinofanirwa kusangana nezvinodiwa zvekugadzira uye mamiriro akatarwa neHurumende zviyero uye zvinoenderana nehunyanzvi mamiriro.
  • Basa renheyo rinoda kutariswa nehunyanzvi nevaisiri mari, neiyo inoodha agency yezvakakosha zvimiro zvikamu zvakapedzwa zvakasiyana uye nemarekodhi ekugamuchira epakati ekugamuchira ezvikamu.
  • Mhando dzezvipikiri yakavakwa mumamiriro ezvinhu anokosha ejoloji akadai se subsidence, embankment, ... kana nheyo yemabasa anokosha. Zvadaro, zvinodikanwa kuronga kutariswa kwekutamiswa uye deformation yenheyo uye mabasa mune imwe neimwe nguva yekuvaka. Zvinhu zvekuyeresa uye nzira dzekuyera dzakatsanangurwa mudhizaini nemutengo unodiwa wekuverenga kuseta zviyero zvekuyera uye kuita maitiro ekutarisa.
Xem thm  Miyero yekuchera makomba enheyo uye nzira dzekuvaka

Miitiro yezvimiro yenheyo yeimba ine nhurikidzwa imwe chete?

Miyero yenheyo yemapuranga edzimba dzeimba imwe chete

  • Kuchengetedzwa kwenheyo ndeimwe yematanho akakosha ekuvaka. Iva nechokwadi chekuchengetedza hunyoro hwevhu. Haafanire kupiswa nezuva kwenguva yakareba, zvichiita kuti ivhu ritsemuka, asi ngarirege kuregedza mvura ichinaya kwenguva yakareba, zvichiita kuti simende ife. Zvinotora mazuva 1-2 kuti simiti ibatane pamwe chete, saka panguva ino zvakakosha kuisa pfungwa pakuchengetedza simenti kuitira kuti pasave nekukanganisa.
  • Kunyangwe iyo raft nheyo yakakodzera kune yakapfava ivhu, zvichiri kukosha zvakanyanya kutarisa kugadzikana kwepasi. Izvo zvinodiwa kuti unyatso ongorora iyo geological quality uye kuibata kuti udzivise kuderera, kukanganisa ukobvu hwenheyo. Kunze kwezvo, zvinodikanwa zvakare kuongorora nezve zvipikiri zvinhu zvakaita se chipikiri simbi, kongiri, jecha kudzorera kunamatira.
  • Mirwi chinhu chakakosha chekufambisa simba rebasa, saka zvinodikanwa kuti utarise kurongeka kwakakodzera kwemurwi zvinoenderana nezvinodiwa zveprojekiti, kuve nechokwadi chekuchengetedzwa kwebasa.

Miyero yetepi hwaro hwe1-storey dzimba

  • Manicure panzvimbo isina simba sevhu rine madhaka, ivhu rakatenderedza dziva rinowanzo chinjwa nezvinofurira kunze zvakaita semasikirwo, nharaunda uye kunyangwe kushanduka kwemamiriro ekunze. Kukonzera kudzikira uye kudonha kwevhu munzvimbo yakakura, iyo inotariswa sepasi pasi.
  • Zvakanakisa kudzidza uye kuongorora iyo subsidence level yenzvimbo yepasi, kunyanya kana kuvaka kwakarongwa 3-storey imba ice hwaro inoda kudzidzwa zvakanyanya. Mushure maizvozvi, sarudzo inoitwa pamusoro pekusimbisa matanho panheyo kutanga kubatsira kudzikamisa pamusoro penheyo isati yavakwa (somuenzaniso, kutyaira Melaleuca mirwi, yakasimbiswa kongiri mirwi, nezvimwewo).
  • Cherechedza kuti zvichienderana nepurojekiti imwe neimwe yakasiyana, unofanira kusarudza rudzi rwega 1 nzira ice chipikiri kana nzira mbiri dzakasiyana dzekubatsira nzira yekuvaka mumatanho anotevera epurojekiti ichagara ichida uye inobudirira yemhando yepamusoro uye inoshanda.
Xem thm  Chimiro uye zviyero zvehwanda hwenheyo

Standard pane imwe-storey hwaro chimiro

  • Zvakafanana nemamwe marudzi enheyo, iyo chaiyo ongororo yenzvimbo yakakosha zvakanyanya. Nekuti ndiyo hwaro hwekusarudza pane hwaro hwakakodzera uye hwaro hwekuvaka mhinduro. Imwe data inofanirwa kutorwa kana mamiriro e geological enzvimbo asingaenderane nekuverenga mukugadzira kuvakwa kwenheyo imwe chete.
  • Zvese zvinhu, michina inotsigira, uye zvimiro zvemukati zvinoshandiswa mukuvaka kwenheyo imwe chete zvinofanirwa kugutsa zvinodiwa nedhizaini.
  • Paunenge uchivaka hwaro humwe chete, kuongororwa kwehunyanzvi neiyo agency kunodiwa.

Kudhirowa kwenheyo yeimba 1-storey padanho 4?

Pazasi pane kudhirowa kwehwaro hweiyo 1-storey, 4-storey imba. Kudhirowa pakushandiswa kwe tepi hwaro hwekugadzira nzira mukugadzira dhizaini.

Chimiro chehurongwa hwenheyo yeimba 1-storey
Hurongwa hwenheyo mukudhirowa kwenheyo yeimba padanho rechina
Kudhirowa kweimba nheyo level 4 ice nheyo
Kudhirowa kweiyo level 4 imba hwaro muchimiro che ice hwaro

Mumufananidzo uyu, pane mamwe manotsi ehunyanzvi seanotevera:

  • Yese dhizaini hwaro danda (cm): b30 x h50
  • Simbi huru, yepasi rose dhizaini bhandi simbi: 6Φ18 (tenzi simbi), Φ8a150 (bhandi simbi)
  • Ukobvu hweakajairwa dhizaini tepi yekutsika ndiro (cm): inenge 20-35, yakaverengerwa diagonally kubva panheyo kusvika kumucheto.
  • Kupamhama kwepasirese dhizaini hwaro (cm): 90
  • Yese dhizaini yesimbi base ndiro: Φ12a150

Tinovimba kuti chinyorwa chiri pamusoro chichava chirevo chinobatsira kune avo vari kuda kuvaka purojekiti yeimba yezinga 4. Cherechedza maitiro ekugadzirisa kwenheyo yeimba 1-storey yakaratidzwa pamusoro apa kuti ive nehwaro hwakachengeteka uye hwakanaka hwekuvaka.

Leave a Reply

Your kero e haangazozikamwi ichibudiswa. Raida minda anozivikanwa *