Achangoberekwa jaundice uye kurapa kunoshanda

Jaundice mwana achangoberekwa Ichi chiitiko chinowanzoitika. Zviratidzo zvejaundice zvinowanzoonekwa mazuva 2-3 mushure mekusununguka uye zvinonyangarika pachavo kana amai vachiziva kutarisira kwakakodzera.

Jaundice muvana inokonzerwa nekuwanda kwebilirubin, chinhu cheyero chinogadzirwa kana masero matsvuku eropa aparara. Nevacheche vachangozvarwa, kana masero matsvuku eropa achiwanda, uye kazhinji akaputsika kuti avandudzwe, asi chiropa chemwana hachina kusimba zvekusefa bilirubin kubva muropa, zvichiita kuti jaundice. Mushure mokunge mwana ane mavhiki maviri ekuberekwa, chiropa chakakura zvakakwana uye chinokwanisa kugadzirisa bilirubin, chirwere chinopera pachacho.

Achangoberekwa jaundice uye kurapa kunoshanda

Jaundice muvana vachangozvarwa ndeyemhando mbiri:

Physiological jaundice: inowanzoitika kubva 1-7 mazuva mushure mekuberekwa. Muchiitiko ichi, mwana achiri kudya uye kurara zvakakwana uye amai havafaniri kunetseka, chirwere chichaenda pachacho uye hachisi kutyisidzira upenyu.

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Pathological kana nuclear jaundice inowanzoitika muvana vasati vasvika. Muchiitiko ichi, mwana achava nejaundice kubva kumusoro kusvika kutsoka kubva pakuberekwa. Uye kana ikasarapwa nekukasira, inogona kutungamirira kune neurotoxicity, convulsions, coma, uye rufu.

Nzira yekuziva sei jaundice achangoberekwa:

- Mushure memazuva 1 kusvika ku2 ekuberekwa, amai vanofanira kunyatsocherechedza ruvara rweganda remwana pasi pechiedza.

Shandisa zvigunwe zvako kudzvanya zvinyoro nyoro huma yemwana, mhino, uye kumusoro kwemuviri. Kana iwe ukaona kuti ganda rakatsvuka asi risina kuchena kana kuti rakatsvuka sevamwe vana, unofanira kungwarira!

– Kana mucheche ane zviratidzo zvisina kujairika zvakadai se: kukakavara, kuyamwisa kushaya simba, kurara zvakanyanya, weti shoma uye yakajeka, hapana meconium.

Kana mwana ane physiological jaundice, kurapwa kwakaoma zvikuru, mwana anoda kubvisa chepfu mumuviri, uye kana mamiriro acho akaoma, ropa remwana rinofanira kuchinjwa uye kuongororwa bilirubin toxicity. Panguva imwecheteyo, tora mushonga wekurapa jaundice maererano nemirairo yechiremba.

Chii chaunofanira kuziva nezve jaundice muvana: Kune vacheche venguva yakazara, chiyero chejaundice i9%, uye kune vana vasati vasvika, chiyero ichi ndeichi: 30%. Physiological jaundice haina ngozi, asi pathological jaundice inowanzova nengozi kana mwana akasarapwa nekukurumidza uye zvakajeka.

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Nzira yekuziva sei jaundice achangoberekwa?

Ngatikwazise mwana wako uye tipindure mibvunzo kana mwana achangoberekwa ane jaundice:

Ko neonatal jaundice ine ngozi here?

Zviitiko zvakawanda zvejaundice yakapfava neonatal inogadzirisa yega mumazuva manomwe kusvika gumi, apo bilirubin inobviswa mutsvina uye weti. Asi kana Bilirubin yakanyanya kukwirisa uye ichipinda muuropi (nezvemishonga inonzi nuclear jaundice). Ichi chiitiko chine ngozi chinogona kukonzera mwana kuwira mukoma, kugwinha kunotungamira kurufu kana mhedzisiro yepfungwa zvachose.

Zviratidzo zveJaundice muvana Vachangozvarwa

Zviratidzo zvechirwere ijaundice, yellowing yevachena vemaziso. Vanaamai vanogona kuziva kubva kune chimwe chezviratidzo zvinotevera:

  • Yellow palm, soles
  • Weti yakasviba kana yero (apo, pakutanga, vacheche vanongonwa mukaka waamai, saka weti yavo kazhinji isina ruvara).
  • Zvituru zvakacheneruka pachinzvimbo chenguva dzose yero kana orenji muvana

Zviratidzo izvi zvinowanzopera kana mwana ava nemavhiki maviri asina kurapwa, asi unofanira kuendesa mwana wako kuna chiremba kuti awane mazano.

Iti mhoro kumwana wako uye pindura mibvunzo kana mwana achangozvarwa aine jaundice

Chii chaunofanira kuita kana mwana ane jaundice?

Kune zviitiko zvinyoro zvejaundice muvana, inogona kurapwa kumba nekupisa mwana zuva. Ingorega mwana avete pedyo nehwindo, apo zuva rinopenya kubva 8:8 am kusvika 30:7 am mangwanani oga oga, kana kusina kupisa zvakanyanya kana kutonhora zvakanyanya). Kugara uchiyamwisa, kubatsira mwana kukurumidza kubuda Bilirubin kuburikidza nemudumbu. Uyezve, funga kuti ganda remwana wako rinoshanduka sei mumazuva 10-XNUMX mushure mokuberekwa.

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Kurapa kwevacheche vane jaundice

- Chiedza: Chiedza chemwenje chinoshandura Bilirubin kuva chinhu chisina chepfu, chinokurumidza kuputsika nechiropa uye nokukurumidza kubviswa kubva mumuviri wemwana kuburikidza nechirwere chekudya uye urinary tract.

- Kuchinjana kweropa: Muchiitiko chechirwere chakakomba, kushandisa phototherapy hakushandi, ipapo kuchinja kweropa inzira inoshandiswa kubvisa Bilirubin kubva mumuviri nokukurumidza.

Vana vazhinji vanogamuchira zvakanaka kurapwa uye vanokwanisa kudzoka kumba nekukurumidza mushure mekurwara. Nokudaro, vanaamai havafaniri kuzviisa pasi, asi pavanoona kuti mwana wavo achangoberekwa ane jaundice, vanofanira kuenda nemwana kunoona chiremba kuti awane mazano!

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