Mirayiridzo yekugadzira nekuvaka imba kubva pana kusvika paz

Kuti uchengetedze mari uye uve nepurojekiti ine fungidziro yemunhu, varidzi vedzimba vazhinji vane nzira yekugadzira nekuvaka yavo dzimba maererano nezvavanofarira. Maitiro aya achaitika sei, pane chero zvinyorwa, ndapota tarisa kuchinyorwa ipapo ipapo.

1. Nzira yekudhirowa imba 3d maonero iwe pachako

Software yekudhirowa

Kana iwe uchida kudhirowa yako wega dhizaini, gadzira yekuvaka uye yemukati nzvimbo, iwe unofanirwa kutanga waziva 3D maonero ekudhirowa software. Asi kuziva chinhu chimwe chete, unofanirwa kunzwisisa zvinodiwa uye zvishuwo zvekuvaka imba kuti usarudze chishandiso chakakodzera.

kugadzira imba sei

Uye kana iwe uri amateur, kudhirowa kunongova zvinhu zvakadai se:

  • Gadzira 2D, 3D modhi yezvivakwa uye zvemukati
  • Aesthetics yekudhirowa maererano nemuvara, dhizaini

Zvino rinhi dhizaini yemba, unogona kusarudza Autocad, software iyi inonyanya kufarirwa munyika, inoshandiswa munzvimbo dzakawanda dzakadai seunyanzvi uye engineering. Autocad ine zvirinani 2D kunyora chimiro, asi inogona kubatanidzwa zviri nyore nemamwe 3D software kugadzira iro rinonyatsoita basa.

Kureba uye zviyero zvemuviri zvechigadzirwa chakagadzirwa neAutocad "auto" inoyerwa, pasina zvikanganiso zvakawanda. Uyezve, zviri nyore kwazvo kujaira uye kushandisa, mushure mezvidzidzo zve2-3 chete, une nzira yekugadzira dendere rako wega.

Mamwe software aunogona kureva ndeaya: Perspective Revit, SketchUp Pro, 3d Max...

Tarisa kumuenzaniso wemaonero akanaka eimba

Usati wapinda mune yekugadzira maonero eimba, unofanirwa kurongedza:

Maonero ekunze (architecture)

Ndiyo chimiro cheimba yose kubva kunze kusvika mukati. Vataridzi vanogona kufungidzira zviri nyore dhizaini, zvishandiso, mavara, uye kushongedzwa kwekunze.

Maonero emukati

Ndiko kurongeka kwemukati memba. Semuenzaniso, ndeapi matafura uye macheya ekushandisa, mashandisiro emasofa, mawadhiropu, mabhedha, nezvimwe. Maonero emukati anoratidza kuti ndeapi saizi yemukati inofanirwa kuve yakakodzera nzvimbo yeimba, kana imba yakaoma, inoda kuchinjwa. nguva ipi. Inofanira kuratidzwa sei kuwedzera aesthetics, uye maererano nezvinodiwa zvehupenyu.

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Sezvinoonekwa, kudhirowa kwemaonero emba kwakakosha chaizvo:

  • Batsira iwe kufungidzira zvichange zvakaita musha wako weramangwana
  • Gadzirisa zvisizvo zvisingafadzi kusvika zvaitwa
  • Maonero eimba chikamu chehunhu hwemuridzi, achisimbisa mutsauko uchienzaniswa nedzimwe dzimba.
  • Kurumidza kuita basa rekuvaka, dzikamisa zvikanganiso pakati pekudhirowa uye chokwadi.

Heano mashoma akanaka emaonero ekuona ekubatsira iwe kuvaka yako imba:

Maonero maitiro ekugadzira imba ye3-storey

Yazvino, yakaomesesa, inotonhorera 3-storey townhouse ine yekutevedzera huni brown ruvara. Denga rakanyura rinokurumidza kudonhedza mvura munguva yekunaya uye panguva imwechete inovhara zuva muzhizha. Varidzi vedzimba vanoshandisa matenga ematairi kuchengetedza runako rwechinyakare.

Maonero eiyo neoclassical imba dhizaini

Inonyanya kufarirwa neoclassical imba mhando. Iyo huru cream chena toni, inotsinhana mitsara yegoridhe inounza hupfumi uye humbozha mumba. Mune mbiru, railings, magedhi ... kune moldings inongowedzera kunaka.

Maonero ekugadzira imba yakasanganiswa nebhizinesi

Chinangwa chekugadzira imba iyi hachisi chekugara chete asiwo chekuita bhizinesi. Iyo yepamusoro nzvimbo yakaratidza kunaka kwayo kwemazuva ano, uye zvakare inobatsira muridzi kuita purofiti. Chinonyanya kukosha chepurojekiti ndeye cubic design, sunshade kubva kune rumwe rutivi.

Maonero ekugadzira imba ine 2 facades

Kuve nenzvimbo ine 2 mafronts, asi kuvaka uku hakusi "kusiririsa". Iwo akagadzirwa ane beveled makona, saka imba yakapfava kuona. Iyo 2nd uye 3rd pasi ese ane convex mabhakoni, saka imba ine imwe nzvimbo yekuzorodza isingakanganise chimiro chakajairika. Ruvara rukuru ruchena, nepo pasi pekutanga paine yero-brown madziro mataira ayo akasununguka uye akatanhamara.

2. Dhirowa zvidimbu, dhayagiramu inoshanda sei kugadzira imba iwe pachako

Nzira yekudhirowa sei imba yebasa dhizaini?

Maonero ekunze haana kukwana kuti uvake imba yako wega. Kupatsanurwa kwenzvimbo uye mabasa eimba zvakare kwakakosha zvakanyanya.

Kazhinji pachave ne2 mikuru kupatsanurwa sezvinotevera:

Nzvimbo yakajairika: Inonyanya kushandiswa mukati mezuva, inogona kuita ruzha. Iri boka remakamuri riri padyo nebindu, gedhi, rine chinongedzo nekunze, kusanganisira:

  • Imba yekugara
  • Kicheni, imba yekudyira
  • Lobby
  • Garage (kana iripo)

Nzvimbo yekugara yakavanzika: Inoshandiswa husiku, inoda kuvanzika, yakanyarara, yakanamatira balcony, skylight, kusanganisira:

  • Imba yekurara
  • Imba yekuzorora uye kushanda
  • Nzvimbo yekudyira
  • Kho

Mhinduro dzemadhayagiramu anoshanda kumba

  1. Gadzira imba yakasarudzika kuburikidza nemukoridho, imba yekumberi
  2. Imba yekutandarira ndiyo yepakati, yakaungana pane imwe imba
  3. Kuenderera mberi kutenderera: Shandisa zvikamu, masikirini, maneuver, uye fenicha kuparadzanisa nzvimbo.
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Imwe neimwe yezvisarudzo zviri pamusoro inokodzera zvinangwa zvehupenyu zvakasiyana. Mumamiriro enzvimbo ine dzimba shoma, iwe unofanirwa kuterera kune sarudzo (3). Kunyangwe iyo nzvimbo yakapindirana, haina kuve yakakwana maererano nekuvanzika. Asi kuchine kupatsanurwa kwakakodzera, kunyanya nzvimbo yemukati ichave yakashandurwa zvakanyanya, ichigadzira zvisingatarisirwi zvakakwirira. kunyange

Sample kudhirowa maitiro ekugadzira imba yakanaka

Kune marudzi maviri ekudhirowa maitiro ekugadzira uye kuvaka imba yako, yaunofanirwa kugadzirira:

Floor plan

Maonero eurongwa hwepasi ndiyo maonero kubva kumusoro kusvika kuimba, mugwara perpendicular kusvika pasi, nzvimbo yekucheka ndeye 1,5m kubva pasi panguva ino. Iyo dhizaini inoratidza marongero efenicha, makamuri ... mune zvakadzama zvinoenderana neyakajairwa zviratidzo. Multi-storey zvivakwa zvichava neimwe nzvimbo yepasi.

Sectional kudhirowa

Iyi dhizaini inotarisa yakachinjika yeimba mushure mekunge yachekwa yakatwasuka, ichiratidza hurefu nehukuru hwemukati wemukati. Chikamu chinoratidzawo nzira dzekuvaka dzemasitepisi, nheyo, nheyo, magonhi, pasi ... Mimwe mifananidzo yakanangawo pamusoro pezvikamu uye zvinhu.

Mimwe mienzaniso yereferensi yako:

Muenzaniso 1: Imba 4x11m, 1 pasi pasi 1 pasi ine terasi

kuzvivakira imba 4x11m 1 pasi pasi 1 pasi 1

Pasi pevhu rinosanganisira kicheni, imba yekutandarira. Pakupera kwenzvimbo, muridzi anoronga chimbuzi chidiki pamwe chete neseri kwemba. Iyi dhizaini yeimba inochinjika uye inokodzera mararamiro eVietnamese.

kuzvivakira imba 4x11m 1 pasi pasi 1 pasi 2

Pauriri hwekutanga inzvimbo yekuzororera yenhengo dzine 1 makamuri anozvimiririra (ane zvimbudzi) akanyatsogadzikana.

kuzvivakira imba 4x11m 1 pasi pasi 1 pasi 3

Terrace yeimba yacho yakakura kwazvo, inokwana kubata barbecue kupera kwevhiki yega yega, kana nzvimbo yekudyara miti, kuyemura nzvimbo, kunwa tii. Nzvimbo yekuwachira inochengetwa kumashure, ichivimbisa mamiriro emba.

Muenzaniso 2: Imba 3,6 × 12,8m, 1 pasi pasi 3 pasi negaraji

Imba 3,6x12,8m, 1 pasi pasi 3 pasi 1

Pasi pevhu rinongorongwa nenzvimbo yekupaka, mukuwedzera, kune yakakura yakakwana imba yekunamatira yekuronga mapato emhuri neshamwari.

Imba yekutanga ine kicheni diki uye imba yekudyira, asi inoshumira zvinodiwa nevanhu 1-2. Kunze kune imba yekurara + 4 hombe yekugezera.

Imba 3,6x12,8m, 1 pasi pasi 3 pasi 2

Iyi dhizaini ndeyevadiki varidzi vemba. Nzvimbo yemukati yakati siyanei kana 2nd floor ine gym uye master bedroom.

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Imba 3,6x12,8m, 1 pasi pasi 3 pasi 3

Iyo yese ye3rd floor inzvimbo yekuzorora uye yekuzorodza yenhengo. Nzvimbo iri pauriri hwe3 haisi hombe, asi kuchine bhakoni diki rekutora mhepo, kuwedzera kufefetera kweimba.

Imba 3,6x12,8m, 1 pasi pasi 3 pasi 4

Terrace yakashongedzwa zvakanaka pamberi pechivanze. Varidzi vedzimba vanogona kuishandisa senzvimbo yekugamuchira vaenzi, kugadzira tii, nepo kuseri kwayo kune nzvimbo yekuwachira iyo inofefeterwa nemhepo zvakanaka.

Imba 3,6x12,8m, 1 pasi pasi 3 pasi 5

Muenzaniso 3: Imba ine 1 pasi pasi 1 pasi nharaunda 4,4 × 11,9m

Imba 1 pasi pasi 1 pasi nzvimbo 4,4x11,9m 1

Uriri hwepasi hunoshandiswa senzvimbo yekugamuchira vaenzi, kugara kwakajairika nekicheni yakakura. Kuti agadzire kutaridzika, muridzi akawedzera waini kabati uye mini bar.

Imba 1 pasi pasi 1 pasi nzvimbo 4,4x11,9m 2

Nzvimbo yekuzorora yemuridzi iri pauriri hwekutanga, ine 1 yekurara mune inotonhorera dhizaini maitiro. Kuti uwedzere kuve nyore paunenge uchishandisa, uye panguva imwechete chengetedza nzvimbo, zvimbuzi zviviri zviri padyo nematanho.

Imba 1 pasi pasi 1 pasi nzvimbo 4,4x11,9m 4

Terrace yeimba iyi inoiswa mari senzvimbo yakasvibira yekuzorora. Naizvozvo, varidzi vemba vanoisa hari zhinji dzemiti yekushongedza uye vanorima miriwo kuti vaunze chikafu chisina kunaka chemhuri.

3. Zvinhu zvekuchengeta mupfungwa paunenge uchigadzira imba iwe pachako

Kuvaka imba iwe pachako, iwe uchafanirwa kuita basa rakawanda panguva imwe chete. Asi zvinhu zvinotevera zvinofanira kuchengetwa nguva dzose:

  • Funga nezveimba feng shui chinhu mumakamuri ose
  • Sarudza rudzi rwakakodzera rwekuvaka uye zvivakwa
  • Rongedza zvinhu zvinoenderana nezvinodiwa zvehupenyu, mabasa ekushandisa
  • Teerera zvakanyanya kuzvinhu zvekushongedza kuti unake imba
  • Inofanira kusarudza multifunctional, yakapusa dhizaini fenicha
  • Zvinokurudzirwa kuvaka dzimba dzine mavara akareruka kugadzira manzwiro ekuwedzera, pamusoro pezvose, anogara ari mafambiro.
  • Kushandisa skylights zviri nani, kana kuti unofanira kunge uine balcony kana terasi ine miti.

Gadzira imba yako wega Chinhu chinonyanya kukosha zvimwe ichiri gadziriro yemari uye fungidziro dzine musoro. Tariro iwe uchabudirira nemirairo yedu uye mazano pamusoro apa.

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