Chii chinonzi triad mortar? Zviyero zve-tri-composite mortars

Chii chinonzi triad mortar? Sei inowanzoshandiswa pakuvaka dzimba nemabasa. Iyi grout ine chero zviyero?

Trim mortar ndeimwe yeanonyanya kushandiswa dhaka mukuvaka. Inoshandiswa pakuvaka, kuisa matairi, kupurasita…. Kunyangwe yakashandiswa zvakanyanya, asi havasi vese vanoziva nezve dhaka iri, pamwe nemaitiro ayo ekuziva.

Chii chinonzi triad mortar?

Pfungwa ye tri-composite mortar

Yakasanganiswa dhaka inozivikanwa zvakare seyakasanganiswa dhaka kana bata mortar munzvimbo dzakasiyana. Trimix dhaka inonyanya kuita lime mortar kana ivhu revhu. Zvisinei, pakukanya dhaka. Muvaki kana muvaki awedzera imwe simende.

Kuwedzerwa kwesamende pakusanganisa dhaka kuchabatsira dhaka kuti rive nehutu hunochinja, nguva yakakodzera yekuporesa. Panguva imwecheteyo, inogona kushandiswa munzvimbo dzakawanda dzekuvaka uye inonyanya kukodzera nzvimbo dzine hunyoro. Izvi zvinokonzerwa nepamusoro hygroscopic properties ye grout.

Chii chinonzi tri-mix mortar?
Tri-sanganisa dhaka rakagadzirwa kubva musanganiswa weraimu, simende, jecha nemvura

Ingredients uye sei kusanganisa dhaka

Izvo zvikamu zvikuru zvedhaka zvinosanganisira: lime, simenti, jecha, mvura.

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Kukwanisa kugadzira yakajairwa dhaka musanganiswa. Kutanga, vavaki vanofanira kusanganisa simende nejecha rakaoma muchiyero chechiyero. Zvino wedzera mvura uye lime. Shandisa foshoro kana muchina kukanya. Iyo yakanakisa dhaka yemhando inowanikwa kana yasanganiswa muchiyero chechiyero. Pamwe chete nemidziyo mukati mayo yakanyatso kusanganiswa uye yakanyanya kutsetseka.

Zviyero zve-tri-composite mortars

Property standards

Chii chinonzi tri-mix mortar?
Doka rine kushanduka kwepamusoro, kwete kunyanyosununguka kana kuoma zvakanyanya

Iyo yakajairika slurry ichave yakasanganiswa ine yakakwirira viscosity. Pakuvaka dzimba kana kupurasita madziro. Iyo grout haina kunyanya kusununguka kana kuoma zvakanyanya. Mukuwedzera, nguva yekuporesa yemusanganiswa wevhu ine mwero. Ipa plaster kana tile line nguva yakakwana yekuzorora uye kutsvedzerera isati yaoma zvachose.

Kunze kwezvo, dhaka mushure mekuiswa rinoda kuve nekudzivirira kwakanaka kwemvura uye kupikisa unyoro.

Standard volume, kuchengetwa kwemvura

Yakajairika dhaka vhoriyamu ichave inenge 1800 - 2000 kg / m3. Pamwe chete neizvozvo, kuchengetwa kwemvura T kunosvika kupfuura 75%.

Mitemo yekushandisa inoshanda

Kutenda kune yakakwira ductility, kuomeswa zvine mwero, uye yakanaka absorbency. Standard screeds ichashandiswa munzvimbo dzinoshanda dzakadai se:

  • Inoshandiswa kugadzira dhizaini isingapinde mvura uye inodzivirira hunyoro yedzimba nemahoro.
  • Inoshandiswa mukupurasita madziro emukati ezvivakwa
  • Inoshandiswa kupurasita madziro ekicheni, makamuri ekuchengetera
  • Inoshandiswa mukupurasita nekuvaka makamuri akakosha. Panodiwa kudzivirira mvura kwepamusoro.
Chii chinonzi tri-composite mortar?
Doka rinoshandiswa pakuvaka kana kupurasita

Zviyero zvezvinhu zvinoshandiswa dhaka

Mukuwedzera kune pamusoro apa zvinhu. Musanganiswa wedhaka wakajairwa unoda kushandisa zvakajairwa zvinhu uye zvimisikidzo kuti zvipe zvakanakisa mhedzisiro senge:

  • Simende inoshandiswa sedhaka inoda kuva nehutano hunoenderana nemitemo yeVietnam yakadai se: TCVN 6260: 1997; TCVN 2682: 1999; TCVN 6067:1995; TCVN 5691:2000; TCVN 4033:1995.
  • Calcium lime: inofanira kusangana neTCVN 2231: 1989. Pamwe chete nazvo, lime puree inoda kuve nehuremu hwevhoriyamu inodarika 1400 kg/m.3. Uye yakavhenekwa kuburikidza nesefa ye2.5 mm.
  • Jecha rinoshandiswa kugadzira dhaka rinoda kuve remhando maererano neTCVN 1770:1986. 
  • Mvura inoshandiswa imvura yakachena maererano neTCVN 4506: 1987
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Chiyero chemavara matatu anoumbwa edhaka

Mukuvaka chaiko. Kukwanisa kusanganisa dhaka rakajairwa kune imwe neimwe nzvimbo uye chinangwa chekuvaka. Vavaki vane hunyanzvi vanofanirwa kusanganisa izvo zvinongedzo zvinoenderana neyakajairwa grout mamaki akaiswa pane simende kurongedza. Kana patafura yekutarisa. Pazasi pane grout yekumaka chati yekukubatsira iwe kusanganisa yakajairwa grout

Nokuda kwejecha reyellow slurry

Panyaya yekushandisa jecha regoridhe ine modulus yeML> 2

tri-composite dhaka
Standard tri-mix mortar inoda kusanganiswa zvinoenderana nechiyero 

Kune yakanaka jecha slurry

Shandisa jecha reyero neML modulus kubva pa1.5 - 2.0

Imwe diki caveat pakusanganisa grout ndeyehuwandu hwemvura inofanira kusanganiswa. Huwandu hwemvura hunoshandiswa kukanya dhaka hunenge husina kugadzirwa. Kuwanda kwemvura inodiwa kunoenderana nezvinhu zvakawanda zvakadai se:

  • Jecha rekuvaka rine hunyoro hwepamusoro kana hushoma. Kana yakakwirira, huwandu hwemvura inoshandiswa haidi zvakawanda. Kana yakaderera, unofanira kuwedzera mamwe mvura.
  • Kuwanda kwesimende inoshandiswa mukati medhaka.
  • Kugona kwechinhu kutora mvura

Naizvozvo, kukwanisa kugadzira yakajairwa yero jecha musanganiswa wevhu. Vashandi vekuvaka vanofanirwa kuita imwe chiyero chekuyedza panzvimbo yebasa vasati vasanganisa huwandu hukuru hwedhaka.

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Mukuwedzera, iyo yakakwirira yedhaka giredhi, zviri nani kugona kutora unyoro. 

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