Daisy – A rustic, close flower – Many uses

Daisy is one of the familiar flowers closely associated with the people of Vietnam. It carries a simple beauty, along with extremely beneficial effects on human health.

Exploring Daisy Flowers

Scientific Name

Daisy flowers have a scientific name called Asteraceae or Compositae and are a plant species with two seed leaves. The name Asteraceae originated from Greece, meaning “stars.” Up to now, about 24,000 types of daisies have been discovered, but the most common are 15,000 species worldwide. In Vietnam, there are 7 popular species of daisies, including immortal daisies, yellow daisies, chamomile daisies, chrysanthemum daisies, medicinal daisies, stone daisies, and longevity daisies. Each type of daisy possesses its own beauty and serves various purposes in human life.

various types of daisy flowers
Some types of daisy flowers

Daisies, apricot blossoms or roses, are among the flowers widely used on festive occasions, anniversaries, or important days in Vietnam.


According to Chinese legend, daisies were first discovered in China around the 15th century BCE. However, another hypothesis suggests that daisies have their origin in Japan. Until now, it is still uncertain whether daisies originated from Japan or China. Therefore, it can be said that the origin of daisies is in both countries.
According to Chinese historical documents, daisies were known as a type of herbal medicine discovered by an old king on a barren land. Archaeologists here have also found numerous records proving that during the era of Confucius, daisies were used as precious flowers to celebrate victories and important ceremonies in the royal court.

origin of daisy flowers
Daisy flowers originated from China and Japan

Daisies were introduced to Vietnam in the 15th century. They are not only popular for their vibrant colors and diverse varieties but also symbolize nobility and transcendence. They are classified into four precious plants: Pine, Daisy, Bamboo, and Apricot.

Geographical Distribution

Daisies have a wide geographical distribution, spanning across the globe. Due to their numerous species, they can be found in abundance in South America, North Africa, Southwestern United States, North Africa, China, and Vietnam.

Characteristics of Daisy Plants


Daisy roots are clustered and spread horizontally. The root system of daisies is usually large due to the presence of numerous absorbent hairs and lateral roots. The abundance of absorbent hairs and lateral roots enhances the plant’s growth and development. In addition to growing at the base, daisy roots also emerge above the ground near the plant’s stem. It is easy to perform pruning or stem cutting to propagate new plants.

Daisy plant roots
Daisy plant roots


Different species of daisies possess distinct stem characteristics. Similar to Primrose, daisy plants have low stems, with an average height ranging from 20 to 30cm, and abundant branching. On the other hand, some daisy species have tall stems, reaching an average height of over 3m, with fewer branches. The low-stemmed daisies are suitable for planting in pots or low ground cover, while the tall-stemmed daisies thrive in elevated soil or large trellises.


Daisy leaves are alternate (leaves that grow singly and alternately along the branches). The leaf surface is usually flat, gradually increasing in size from the base to the tip. Unlike typical trees, the size of daisy leaves can vary depending on the care and cultivation techniques. With proper care and cultivation techniques, the leaves will be large, glossy, and thick. Conversely, under inadequate care, the leaves will be small, thin, lackluster, and may turn yellow.

Daisy plant leaves
Daisy plant leaves


Daisies are formed by a cluster of flowers called a flower head or scientifically known as a capitulum. A daisy flower is composed of numerous ray florets without stalks, arranged in an aesthetically pleasing manner. Daisies can be bisexual or unisexual and come in various colors, depending on the species. The diameter of a daisy flower ranges from 1.5 to 12 cm. They typically emerge from leaf axils and multiple flowers grow on a single stem.

Meaning of Daisies

According to Vietnamese Confucianism, daisies represent maturity, integrity, and rectitude. They symbolize longevity and filial piety towards parents. In China, daisies are believed to symbolize eternity and perseverance. In Japan, daisies are associated with power, wealth, and prosperity.
Regardless of the cultural interpretations, daisies represent many noble qualities of human beings, bringing positive perspectives to life. Perhaps that’s why this flower is depicted on Chinese coins and is present in the national emblem and medals of the Land of the Rising Sun.

Daisy as the national emblem of Japan
Daisy used as the national emblem of Japan

Types of Daisies

Yellow Daisies

Among the daisy species found in Vietnam, yellow daisies are one of the most common. Their scientific name is Chrysanthemum Indicum L, with an average height ranging from 80 to 90 cm.
Based on the size of the flowers, yellow daisies are further divided into two types: large-flowered yellow daisies and small-flowered yellow daisies. The large-flowered yellow daisies do not reveal the central disc when blooming and have a spherical shape with a subtle fragrance, unlike the strong fragrance of milk flowers. On the other hand, small-flowered yellow daisies have petals that radiate outward when in bloom, displaying an extravagant and flamboyant appearance. Some examples of small-flowered daisies include longevity daisies and giant-flowered daisies. The most prominent type among the large-flowered daisies is the giant-flowered daisy.

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Giant-flowered yellow daisy
Giant-flowered yellow daisy

With its prominent yellow color, unmistakable and associated with wealth, power, filial piety, and endurance, yellow daisies also evoke a warm, intimate, and familiar feeling. Therefore, this flower is highly favored and used in festive occasions and family reunions.

Purple Daisies

Unlike the familiar and simple yellow daisies, purple daisies possess a striking, sophisticated, and incredibly graceful beauty. The scientific name for this flower is Echinacea purpurea, and it is commonly known as purple coneflower. Purple coneflowers originate from North America and mainly grow in rural fields. Purple daisies share a similar purple hue with paper flowers.
To ensure the optimal growth and vibrant blooms of purple daisies, proper selection of planting location and appropriate care are required. The recommended soil mixture consists of 6 parts Akadama, 3 parts loamy soil, and 1 part mineral soil. Regular fertilization with the correct dosage is also necessary.

Purple daisy
Purple daisy

Meaning of Purple Daisies

Purple daisies symbolize loyal and enduring love. They bring a sense of tranquility and serenity to anyone who gazes upon them. In Europe, purple daisies represent friendliness and are often used to welcome newcomers.

Red Daisies

If you desire to transform your living space or make your home truly stand out, choose red daisies. When you look at the petals of this flower, it will be difficult to take your eyes off their vibrant beauty.
Red daisies (or red chrysanthemums) have the scientific name Chrysanthemum Indicum. They thrive and grow vigorously in moist soil rich in nutrients. Red daisies have double flowers with 2 to 3 layers of bright red outer petals and a bright yellow center. The diameter of the flowers is relatively large, averaging from 4.5 to 5.8 cm per blossom.

Red daisy
Red daisy

Meaning of Red Daisies

Red daisies are often used as gifts for birthdays or romantic anniversaries. With their vibrant red color, red daisies represent passion, enthusiasm, and intense love.

Green Diamond Daisies

Diamond daisies are the most visually stunning among the daisy species. They have large flowers that bloom fully, covering almost the entire bud. Green diamond daisies have a unique appearance and are quite picky when it comes to cultivation and care. Even a small oversight can cause them to wither at any time. Therefore, their market value is often higher than other daisy species.

Meaning of Green Diamond Daisies

Green diamond daisies symbolize hope, faith, and eternity. With a gentle shade of green, these flowers are suitable for decorating guest tables or work desks, enhancing the aesthetic appeal of the space.

Green diamond daisy
Green diamond daisy

Star Daisy

Star daisies are a species of daisy with small flowers. Besides being called star daisies, they are also known by other names such as trailing daisies or strawflowers. The scientific name of star daisies is Thymophylla. They originate from Texas and Mexico, predominantly found in tropical rainforests with an average height ranging from 15 to 30 cm. The leaves of star daisies are small, arranged alternately, elongated, and resemble the leaves of morning glory. The stems have a dark green color and are covered with a layer of small woolly hairs.

Star daisy
Star daisy

Meaning of Star Daisy

Star daisies symbolize purity, brightness, and the passion of youth. In addition to their main purpose of landscape beautification, this daisy species also provides a sense of relaxation and comfort for people when admiring them. Therefore, they are popularly planted on balconies, sidewalks, or used as decorative potted plants.

Everlasting Daisies

Everlasting daisies have the scientific name Helichrysum Bracteatum. They are called “everlasting” because even if the plant dries up, its flowers maintain their appearance. They do not wither or shed petals like other flowers. Besides the name “everlasting,” this daisy species is also known by other names such as immortal daisy, wild daisy, or love flower.

Everlasting daisy
Everlasting daisy

Meaning of Everlasting Daisies

Everlasting daisies originated from Australia and are widely grown in both the southern and northern regions of the country. They are easy to cultivate and have vigorous growth. These daisies have tall stems ranging from 70 to 120 cm in height. They bloom after 90 to 100 days, and each flower has an average diameter of 3 to 6 cm.
Everlasting daisies come in various colors, with the most common being white, light pink, deep purple, light yellow, and dark red. This flower is a symbol of passionate, enduring, and timeless love.

Tana Daisies

Tana daisies are daisies originating from the Netherlands. They have small, pure white petals that reveal bright and beautiful yellow stamens when the flowers bloom. Tana daisies bring a sense of comfort and gentleness with their simple, delicate beauty and sweet fragrance.

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Tana daisy
Tana daisy

Meaning of Tana Daisies

Tana daisies symbolize pure and enduring friendship. In love, they represent first love. The appearance of this flower is likened to the innocence and delicacy of a fragile yet strong girl. Due to these special meanings, Tana daisies are widely grown in Vietnam, especially in Da Lat.

Fuzzy Daisies

Fuzzy daisies are herbaceous plants that grow in a bush-like form, with an average height ranging from 30 to 50 cm. Fuzzy daisies have multi-layered flowers, with each flower consisting of 4 to 5 tightly packed and overlapping layers of petals. This creates a vibrant and captivating appearance. When properly cultivated and cared for, these flowers can bloom all year round, bringing a fresh and lively atmosphere to the surrounding space. That is why fuzzy daisies are commonly planted in urban areas, public parks, or spacious front yards.

Fuzzy daisy
Fuzzy daisy

Meaning of Fuzzy Daisies

Fuzzy daisies carry many positive meanings. They are a symbol of sincere and heartfelt friendship, or nostalgia for departed loved ones who have passed through one’s life.

Mallow Daisies

Mallow daisies (also known as Magic daisies or Buttonhole daisies) have the scientific name Malva Silvestris. They originate from Japan and possess a graceful, vibrant, and charming beauty. When introduced to Vietnam, these daisies are called Mallow daisies, symbolizing the beauty of flowers akin to the Thuy Kieu sisters.

Mallow daisy
Mallow daisy

The stems of Mallow daisies are herbaceous, with heights ranging from 30 to 70 cm. The pointed leaves have serrated edges. The flowers of Mallow daisies are large, with a relatively large diameter and a lifespan of 35 to 45 days. In addition to the common pinkish-purple color, Mallow daisies also come in various flower colors such as white, yellowish-purple, and pink.

Meaning of Mallow Daisies

Mallow daisies symbolize remembrance, wishes, and represent elegance and nobility. They are commonly planted in potted plants during festive occasions or in parks, office areas, and schools to enhance the beauty of the landscape.

Daisy Fleabane

In addition to the nine types of daisies mentioned above, another popular type of daisy in Vietnam is the Daisy Fleabane.

Daisy Fleabane is known as “Daisy” in English. It is a small daisy with a simple and unpretentious beauty. Despite having small stems and delicate leaves, Daisy Fleabane possesses strong vitality and can adapt to various environments. That is why it is widespread in the streets and neighborhoods of Hanoi.

Meaning of Daisy Fleabane

Daisy Fleabane has a pure white color, delicate petals, and bright yellow stamens, exuding a gentle and luminous beauty combined with its vibrant vitality. Therefore, Daisy Fleabane is considered a symbol of purity and innocence, yet filled with passionate love.

The Benefits of Chamomile Tea

What is Chamomile Tea?

Chamomile tea is a type of tea made from chamomile flowers. It can be made by drying chamomile flowers and steeping them in a traditional way or by mass production and packaging for convenience. Some pre-made chamomile teas also contain natural herbs to enhance their effectiveness. Popular types of chamomile tea include chamomile honey tea, chamomile with licorice tea, and chamomile with artichoke tea.

Chamomile tea
Chamomile tea

The Benefits of Chamomile Tea

Improves Cardiovascular Health

According to scientific research, chamomile flowers contain a high amount of flavones. Flavones are compounds that stimulate vitamin C absorption, promote tissue growth and cell regeneration. They also have strong antioxidant properties, which help reduce cholesterol levels in the body and improve cardiovascular health.

Prevents Cancer

A study conducted by American scientists found that chamomile flowers contain a substance called apigenin. Apigenin has been shown to inhibit the growth of cancer cells in the breast, prostate, and uterus. Therefore, regular consumption of chamomile flowers or chamomile tea can be effective in treating, managing, and preventing cancer.

Effective in preventing breast cancer
Chamomile tea can effectively prevent breast cancer

Treats Sinusitis and Headaches

When combined with other herbal ingredients such as honey, mint, and jasmine, chamomile tea can help relieve sinusitis and headaches. Chamomile flowers have cooling properties and possess anti-inflammatory and antibacterial effects. They can also be used as a natural remedy to alleviate cold symptoms and reduce fever.

Aids in Treating Eye Inflammation

Chamomile flowers contain a high concentration of vitamin A. Vitamin A is essential for the production of pigments in the retina, which improves vision and protects the eyes. Consuming chamomile tea supplements the body with vitamin A, reducing the risk of eye diseases and enhancing the effectiveness of eye inflammation treatment.

Treats Respiratory Conditions

As mentioned earlier, chamomile tea contains components with antibacterial properties. Therefore, when suffering from respiratory conditions, chamomile tea can help eliminate harmful bacteria, improve and treat these conditions effectively.

Chamomile tea for treating respiratory diseases
Chamomile tea is effective in treating respiratory diseases

Treats Digestive Disorders

Chamomile tea has long been proven to be beneficial for the digestive system when dealing with related conditions such as indigestion, gastrointestinal disorders, diarrhea, and gastric ulcers. Consuming chamomile tea after consuming fatty foods stimulates the body to convert fat into energy quickly and efficiently.

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Supports Gynecological Treatment and Relieves Menstrual Pain

Thanks to its natural antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties, chamomile tea can assist in gynecological treatments. It can be used for vaginal rinsing or as a sitz bath to alleviate discomfort and enhance the effectiveness of medication. Additionally, the compounds present in chamomile tea help reduce uterine contractions, thereby relieving menstrual pain in women.

Chamomile tea for relieving menstrual pain
Chamomile tea helps reduce menstrual pain

Treating Skin Conditions

Skin conditions such as acne and itching can be effectively treated by combining chamomile tea, marigold flowers, and dandelion. When these flowers are combined, they can help detoxify the liver and alleviate internal heat, resulting in smooth and healthy skin for the user.
In addition to these benefits, regular consumption of chamomile tea can also help the body relieve stress and fatigue, leading to a deeper and more restful sleep for everyone, thanks to the presence of Streptococcus and Staphylococcus.

How to Brew Chamomile Tea

For those using pre-packaged chamomile tea bags, brewing chamomile tea is the same as brewing regular tea. However, for those using dried chamomile flowers to make tea, the brewing process is slightly more complex.
First, prepare 10 grams of whole dried chamomile flowers, 10ml of honey, jujube, red apples, and 200ml of boiling water. Then, take out 10 to 15 flowers, a few jujube seeds, and 3 red apples and put them in warm water that has been boiled. Wait for 5 minutes for the water to cool slightly, then add 10ml of honey. Wait another 5 minutes for the ingredients in the tea to infuse. Finally, pour the tea and enjoy.

How to brew chamomile tea
Chamomile tea combined with jujube, red apples, and honey

Chamomile flowers have a slightly bitter taste, but when combined with honey, jujube, and red apples, they help reduce this bitterness and create a natural and pleasant sweetness, enhancing the visual appeal of the tea.

That’s it! In just 10 to 15 minutes, the process of brewing chamomile tea is complete. You now have a beautiful and high-quality cup of chamomile tea. It’s simple and easy, isn’t it?

Additional Information

1. Is a sunflower a type of chamomile flower?

Chamomile flowers and sunflowers (Helianthus annuus) have a somewhat similar appearance. In fact, they belong to the same family but have different growth and development characteristics. Therefore, it can be concluded that a sunflower is a flower belonging to the daisy family but stands in a separate branch.

2. Side Effects of Chamomile Flowers and Chamomile Tea

The following are some possible side effects of chamomile flowers or chamomile tea:

  • Skin inflammation, allergic reactions: Occurs when users are allergic to pollen or other components of chamomile flowers.
  • Digestive disorders: Commonly seen in older adults who consume chamomile tea. This is because the digestive system of older adults is often weaker than that of younger individuals.
  • Impact on the health of pregnant women: Although there is no official research on whether chamomile flowers or chamomile tea have adverse effects on the health of pregnant women or the fetus, the immune system of pregnant women is generally weaker during this time. Therefore, consuming chamomile tea may have negative effects. If you want to use this type of tea during pregnancy, it is advisable to consult with a doctor beforehand.
Side effects of chamomile flowers on pregnant women
The use of chamomile tea by pregnant women can have negative effects
  • Reduced efficacy of certain medications: Medical studies have shown that combining chamomile tea with certain medications for diabetes, cancer, or sedatives can reduce the effectiveness of the medications. In some cases, it may even worsen the patient’s condition.
  • May cause unstable blood pressure and pose risks to individuals with low blood pressure: Chamomile tea can lower blood pressure. Therefore, individuals with low blood pressure should avoid using this type of tea.

Although there are several potential side effects, these usually occur when chamomile flowers or chamomile tea are not used properly. In reality, chamomile flowers are still beautiful flowers with many beneficial effects. To minimize any health-related risks, it is important to thoroughly research different types of teas and plants before using them. Visit https://quatest2.com.vn to read more informative and useful articles on this topic!