Liiska buuxa ee dhammaan garoomada diyaaradaha ee Vietnam

Sanadihii dhismaha iyo horumarinta, garoomada diyaaradaha ee Vietnam waxay gaareen horumar weyn, oo daboolaya baahida gaadiidka gudaha iyo kuwa caalamiga ah. Aynu ogaano liiska 23 madaar ee dalkeena.

Warbixin kooban oo ku saabsan garoomada diyaaradaha ee Vietnam?

Kadib guushii iska caabinta ee ka dhanka ahaa gumaystihii Faransiiska 1945-kii, dalkeenu wuxuu wajahay codsi deg deg ah oo ku saabsan sameynta warshadaha duulista madaniga ah, labadaba si loo daboolo baahiyaha safarka ee dadka iyo in laga caawiyo dhismaha ciidamada cirka. Iyadoo aragtida fog ee istaraatiijiyadeed ee Xisbiga iyo Gobolka, Janaayo 15, 01, Ra'iisul Wasaare Pham Van Dong wuxuu saxiixay dukumeenti lagu dhisayo Waaxda Duulista Rayidka ee hoos timaada Ra'iisul Wasaaraha.

Intaa ka dib waxaa dalkeena ka bilowday dhismaha iyo dib u soo celinta garoomadii diyaaradaha ee ku burburay dagaaladii. Sannadkii 1956-kii, 6-dii garoon ee ugu horreeyay ayaa dib loo soo celiyay Waqooyiga sida Hanoi, Hai Phong, Vinh, Son La, Lai Chau iyo Quang Binh.

Dhalashada warshadaha duulista rayidka waxay wax weyn ka tartay dagaaladii iska caabinta ee dalkeena. Ka dib markii la midoobey dalka, Waaxda Guud ee Duulista Rayidka ee Vietnam waxay u dhalatay inay qabato hawsha dhismaha dhaqaalaha duulista rayidka iyo u adeegida ciidamada.

Liiska buuxa ee garoomada diyaaradaha ee Vietnam

Duulimaadyada caalamiga ah ee Vietnam oo kooban

Garoomada dayuuradaha ee Vietnam ayaa loo dhisay si ay u noqdaan deked ganacsi, xudunta gaadiidka hawada ee gobolka iyo caalamkaba. Bal aynu eegno liiska 12 garoon diyaaradeed ee dalkeena maanta. 

Garoomada dayuuradaha ee Vietnam

Madaarka Caalamiga ah ee Noi Bai (HAN)

Mid ka mid ah garoomada diyaaradaha ee ugu weyn Vietnam maanta waa Noi Bai International Airport. Tani waa garoonka diyaaradaha ee caasimadda Hanoi, oo leh meel aad muhiim u ah dhaqaale, siyaasadeed iyo juquraafi. Sidaa darteed, waxay ku dhisan yihiin si baaxad leh, oo isku dhafan duulimaadka rayidka ah iyo hawlgallada milatariga, helitaanka duulimaadyada 24/24.

Waqtigan xaadirka ah, dalkeena, waxaa jira 5 diyaaradood oo gudaha ah, oo kala ah Vietnam Airlines, Vietjet Air, Pacific Airlines, Bamboo Airways, iyo Vietravel Airlines oo ka shaqeeya duulimaadyada. Markaa waxaad u duuli kartaa badi gobollada iyo magaalooyinka dalka (marka laga reebo Hai Phong iyo Van Don), iyo duullimaadyada caalamiga ah ee qaaradaha kale. 

Intaa waxaa dheer, in ka badan 22 diyaaradood oo caalami ah oo ka socda waddamo badan sida Japan, China, Korea, Thailand, China, Taiwan, iwm ayaa maalin kasta ka shaqeeya duulimaadyo badan.

Madaarka Caalamiga ah ee Tan Son Nhat (SGN)

Garoomada dayuuradaha ee Vietnam

Madaarka Caalamiga ah ee Tan Son Nhat waa unug xubin, oo hoos yimaada Shirkadda Garoomada ee Vietnam (ACV). Garoomada diyaaradaha ee Vietnam, kani waa garoon diyaaradeed oo hela tirada ugu badan ee macaamiisha, oo leh khadadka tignoolajiyada casriga ah iyo kuwa casriga ah, nidaamka qalabka si loo hubiyo in adeega duulimaadka loo maalgeliyo si isku mid ah oo leh awood ku filan oo u adeegta 28 milyan macaamiisha / sanadkii.

Tani sidoo kale waa dekad garoon diyaaradeed oo loogu talagalay duulista rayidka iyo militariga, oo leh 605.95 hektar duulista rayidka ah iyo 894.05 hektar duulista ciidamada (Guud ahaan bedkiisu waa 1,500 hektar).

Tirakoobkii ugu dambeeyay ee la sameeyay ayaa lagu sheegay in madaarku ay soo degaan in ka badan 50 milyan oo rakaab ah, taasoo ka badan inta ugu badan ee uu qaadi karo, sidaas darteed ay dowladdu qorsheysay in la dhiso kaabayaal dhaqaale oo dheeraad ah si ay ugu adeegto rakaabka.

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Madaarka Caalamiga ah ee Da Nang (DAD)

Garoomada dayuuradaha ee Vietnam

Garoonku wuxuu ku yaalaa magaalada Da Nang oo leh 861 hektar, 2 runway iyo 1 nidaam waddo oo dhammaystiran, baarkin baabuur iyo aagga saldhigga. Waa garoon diyaaradeed oo caalami ah iyo mid gudaha ah oo loogu talagalay in uu qaado 10 milyan oo rakaab ah sannadkii. Garoonku waxa uu shaqeeyaa 16 khad oo maxali ah oo leh duulimaadyo taga magaalooyinka waaweyn sida Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Buon Ma Thuot, Pleiku, Da Lat iyo Hai Phong. Intaa waxaa dheer, waxaa sidoo kale jira 25 duulimaadyo caalami ah oo toos ah.

Garoonka Caalamiga ah ee Cat Bi (HPH)

Garoomada dayuuradaha ee Vietnam

Garoonka diyaaradaha ee Cat Bi oo ku yaal degmada Hai An, Hai Phong City waa garoon diyaaradeed caalami ah iyo mid militari. Gegida diyaaradaha waxaa loogu talagalay in loogu adeego rakaabka gudaha iyo dibadda jooga oo wata nooc ka mid ah teerminal ka dhoof iyo soo degid gaar ah. Marka lagu daro u adeegida duullimaadyada gudaha, waxaad sidoo kale ka duuli kartaa Hai Phong kuna aadi kartaa Bangkok (Thailand), Incheon (Korea), Shiinaha .. garoonka diyaaradaha ee Cat Bi.

Loo dhisay si loo daboolo baahiyaha safarka ee dadka ku nool gobolka Waqooyi Xeebta, kani sidoo kale waa garoon diyaar ah oo kayd ah madaarka caalamiga ah ee Noi Bai. Sidaa darteed, marka la barbar dhigo garoomada kale ee Vietnam, madaarka Cat Bi wuxuu door muhiim ah ka ciyaaraa istiraatiijiyadda xaqiijinta amniga qaranka. 

Madaarka Caalamiga ah ee Vinh (VII)

Garoomada dayuuradaha ee Vietnam

Madaarka Caalamiga ah ee Vinh wuxuu ku yaalaa degmada Nghi Lien, magaalada Vinh, Nghe An. Loo dhisay si loogu adeego ku dhawaad ​​3 milyan oo macaamiil sannadkii. Laga soo bilaabo Vinh waxaad u duuli kartaa gobollada kale ee dalka, ma jiraan duulimaadyo shisheeye.

Madaarka Caalamiga ah ee Phu Bai (HUI)

Garoomada dayuuradaha ee Vietnam

Garoomada dayuuradaha ee Vietnam, garoonka Phu Bai ayaa ku jira kaalinta 5aad tirada rakaabka. Maaddaama mid ka mid ah garoomada diyaaradaha ee muhiimka ah, Phu Bai waa la maalgelinayaa oo loo dhisayaa si loo gaadho yoolka loogu adeegayo 5 milyan oo rakaab ah sannadkii. Garoonku waxa uu shaqeeyaa dhamaan wadooyinka gudaha, waxa kale oo aad ka duuli kartaa wadamo ku yaala Koonfur Bari Asia sida Laos, Thailand, iwm.

Garoonka Caalamiga ah ee Cam Ranh

Garoomada dayuuradaha ee Vietnam

Gegada Diyaaradaha Caalamiga ah ee Cam Ranh wuxuu ku yaal Nguyen Tat Thanh Street, Cam Hai Dong, Magaalada. Cam Ranh, Khanh Hoa. Ilaa hadda, garoonku waxa la filayaa in uu u adeego ilaa 10 milyan oo rakaab ah/sannadkii, badi martida gobolka Khanh Hoa iyo gobolada kale ee koonfurta dhexe sida Quang Nam, Phu Yen, Ninh Thuan 4-aad marka la eego cabbirka macaamiisha.

Kani waa madaarka kaliya ee Vietnam ee leh tirada rakaabka caalamiga ah ee ka badan rakaabka gudaha, iyadoo imaatinka caalamiga ahi ay yihiin 70% macaamiisha.

Gegida diyaaradaha ee Lien Khuong International Airport (DLI)

Garoomada dayuuradaha ee Vietnam

Garoonka diyaaradaha ee Lien Khuong wuxuu ku yaalaa magaalada Lien Nghia, degmada Duc Trong, gobolka Lam Dong.

Garoonku wuxuu u adeegaa rakaabka ku sugan Lam Dong iyo sidoo kale gobolka Koonfurta iyo Bartamaha ee Highland, waa madaarka ugu weyn ee Central Highlands.

Lien Khuong wuxuu ku jiraa 5 garoon diyaaradeed ee ugu faa'iidada badan garoomada diyaaradaha ee Vietnam. Marka laga soo tago ka faa'iidaysiga waddooyinka gudaha, waxa la filayaa in madaarkani uu furi doono wadooyin badan oo caalami ah sida Singapore, Kuuriya (howlgalka xilliga golfka), Malaysia, Cambodia, iyo Laos.

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Garoonka Caalamiga ah ee Phu Cat (UIH)

Garoomada dayuuradaha ee Vietnam

Gegida diyaaradaha ee Phu Cat waa garoon diyaaradeed oo la isticmaalo oo ku yaal gobolka Binh Dinh, iyada oo in ka badan 2 milyan oo rakaab ah sannadkii. Tani sidoo kale waa garoon lagu tababaro ciidamada waxaana loo isticmaalaa sidii saldhig loogu talagalay 925th Airborne Regiment ee qaybta 372. Garoonku wuxuu shaqeeyaa khadadka gudaha, oo u adeega qiyaastii 1-2 milyan oo duulimaad sannadkii.

Madaarka Caalamiga ah ee Can Tho (VCA)

Garoomada dayuuradaha ee Vietnam

Madaarka Caalamiga ah ee Can Tho wuxuu ku yaal Tra An Ward iyo Thoi An Dong Ward, Degmada Binh Thuy - Can Tho City. Kani waa garoon weyn oo ku yaal gobolka koonfur-galbeed, oo ku takhasusay u adeegida macaamiisha agagaarka gobollada Mekong Delta. 

Garoonku waxa uu leeyahay duulimaadyo ku taga gobolada dalkeena, gaar ahaan waxa jira 2 waddo oo caalami ah oo u kala goosha Kuuriya iyo Taiwan.

Madaarka Caalamiga ah ee Phu Quoc (PQC)

Garoomada dayuuradaha ee Vietnam

Madaarka Caalamiga ah ee Phu Quoc, garoon diyaaradeed cusub oo la dhisay dhamaadkii 2012, waa garoon diyaaradeed saddexaad oo caalami ah oo laga dhisay Koonfurta Vietnam.

Madaarka Caalamiga ah ee Phu Quoc wuxuu ku yaal degmada Duong To ee jasiiradda Phu Quoc. Kani waa garoon diyaaradeed oo baaxad leh, oo u adeega in ka badan 4 milyan oo rakaab ah sannadkii. Hadda, garoonku waxa uu shaqeeyaa waddooyin ku filan oo gudaha iyo dibadda ah iyadoo in ka badan 20 diyaaradood ay shaqeeyaan.

Madaarka Caalamiga ah ee Van Don (VDO)

Garoonka diyaaradaha ee degmada Van Don, gobolka Quang Ninh. Kani waa garoonkii ugu horreeyay ee gaar loo leeyahay ee Vietnam, oo ay iska leedahay Sun Group. Garoonku wuxuu u shaqeeyaa sidii garoon kayd ah oo buuxa si uu u yareeyo rarka rakaabka ee Madaarka Caalamiga ah ee Noi Bai.

Garoomada dayuuradaha ee Vietnam

2.2. Gegida dayuuradaha gudaha ee Vietnam

Si loo daboolo baahiyaha socdaalka iyo horumarinta dhaqaalaha dalka, wakhtigan xaadirka ah, dalkeennu waxa uu dhisay oo horumariyay 11 madaar oo gudaha ah. Tani waa isbedel muhiim ah oo ku saabsan horumarinta nidaamka gaadiidka ee dhammaan gobollada dalka.

Madaarka Dien Bien Phu (DIN)

Garoomada dayuuradaha ee Vietnam

Gegada diyaaradaha ee Dien Bien waa magaca cusub ka dib markii garoonkii hore ee Muong Thanh la dayactiray lana cusboonaysiiyay si uu u noqdo garoon rayid ah una adeego duulimaadyo militari. Hadda, waxa la casriyeeyay oo noqday garoon diyaaradeed. Marka loo eego tirakoobka 2020, garoonku waxa u adeegay in ka badan 100.000 oo rakaab ah, oo u badan dalxiisayaal iyo duulimaadyo ciidan.

Waqtigan xaadirka ah, Shirkadda VASCO ee hoos timaada duullimaadyada qaranka Vietnam (VietNam Airlines) waxay diiradda saaraysaa ka faa'iidaysiga dariiqa ka imanaya Dien Bien ilaa Hanoi oo leh 4 duulimaad/maalintii.

Gegida dayuuradaha ee Dong Hoi (VDH)

Garoomada dayuuradaha ee Vietnam

Gegida diyaaradaha waxaa la dhisay 1930-kii, ilaa hadda waxaa dib u habeyn lagu sameeyay oo laga dhigay garoon rayid ah oo lagu daray howlihii duulimaadyada militariga, iyadoo bedkeedu dhan yahay 4.282 mitir oo laba jibbaaran. Madaarku waxa uu soo jiitaa in ka badan 2 oo rakaab ah sannadkiiba taas oo ay ugu wacan tahay booska ku habboon ee juquraafi ahaan, oo leh muuqaalo badan oo dabiici ah oo si gaar ah u soo jiidanaya dalxiisayaasha. Garoonku wuxuu ku takhasusay u adeegida duulimaadyada u dhexeeya Hanoi iyo Ho Chi Minh City wuxuuna qorsheynayaa inuu u cusboonaysiiyo garoon caalami ah.

Madaarka Chu Lai (VCL)

Madaarka Chu Lai wuxuu ku yaalaa gobolka Quang Nam. Garoomada diyaaradaha ee Vietnam waxaa ka mid ah madaarka Chu Lai ee ugu weyn oo leh in ka badan 3000 hektar. Si la mid ah inta badan garoomada kale ee gudaha, waxaa jira laba wado oo waaweyn oo taga Hanoi iyo Ho Chi Minh City oo ay maamusho Vietnam Airlines, Jetstar Pacific iyo VietJet Air.

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Garoonka Diyaaradaha ee Tuy Hoa (TBB)

Garoonka diyaaradaha ee Tuy Hoa wuxuu ku yaalaa gobolka Phu Yen. Waqtigan xaadirka ah, waxaa jira 3 shirkadood oo diyaaradeed oo ka shaqeeya Hanoi iyo Ho Chi Minh City ee garoonkan: Vietnam Airlines, Jetstar iyo Vietjet Air.

Madaarka Pleiku (PXU)

Madaarka Pleiku ee gobolka Gia Lai, Central Highlands. Gegida diyaaradaha ee Pleiku waxa ay leedahay duulimaadyo taga Ho Chi Minh, Hanoi iyo Hai Phong. Hadda, waxaa jira wadooyin badan oo taga Hanoi ee Bamboo Airways. Inkasta oo ay tahay garoon yar, wadarta awoodda madaarka Pleiku waa ilaa 1 milyan oo rakaab ah / sannadkii. Marka loo eego tirakoobka 2020, garoonku wuxuu soo dhaweeyay in ka badan 800.000 oo rakaab ah.

Garoonka diyaaradaha ee Buon Ma Thuot (BMV)

Garoonku wuxuu ku yaalaa Hoa Thang Commune, ee gobolka Dak Lak, oo 8 km u jirta xarunta Buon Ma Thuot. Gegida dayuuradaha ee Buon Ma Thuot waxa uu leeyahay awood u adeegida ilaa 1 milyan oo rakaab ah sannadkii. Ka dib markii la isticmaalay tan iyo 2012, garoonku waxa loo nashqadeeyay dabaq hoose iyo dabaqa mezzanine waxaana la geliyay qalab casri ah. Waqtigan xaadirka ah, garoonku wuxuu leeyahay wadooyin Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Vinh, Da Nang iyo Hai Phong.

Madaarka Rach Gia (VKG)

Madaarka Rach Gia wuxuu ku yaalaa Rach Gia City, Gobolka Kien Giang. Garoonku wuxuu leeyahay laba dabaq oo leh aag ka badan 2.500m2, oo leh laba waddo oo Vietnam Airlines ah Ho Chi Minh iyo Phu Quoc.

Madaarka Ca Mau (CAH)

Ca Mau Airport waa garoon diyaaradeed oo heerkiisu yahay 3C iyo heer 2 garoon diyaaradeed, waxa uu dhererkiisu yahay 1.500 m. Waqtigan xaadirka ah, garoonku wuxuu leeyahay hal waddo oo keliya oo ku socota Ho Chi Minh City oo ay leedahay shirkadda diyaaradaha ee Vasco.

Madaarka Con Dao (VCS)

Madaarka Con Dao waa garoon diyaaradeed yar oo ku yaal Con Dao, gobolka Ba Ria Vung Tau. Si kastaba ha ahaatee, madaarkani wuxuu u adeegaa kaliya duulimaadyada taga ama ka yimaada Ho Chi Minh City iyo Can Tho.

Garoonka diyaaradaha ee Phu Cat, Binh Dinh 

Garoonku wuxuu ku yaalaa degmada Phu Cat, gobolka Binh Dinh, oo inta badan u adeega macaamiisha gobollada Binh Dinh iyo Quy Nhon. Hadda, waxaa garoonkan ka shaqeeya 4 shirkadood oo diyaaradeed, kuwaas oo Bamboo Airways ay leedahay waddooyin dheeri ah oo ay ku tagto Hai Phong.

Garoonka Diyaaradaha ee Th Xuan (THD)

Laga soo bilaabo kaabayaasha garoonka diyaaradaha isku dhafan ee millatariga iyo rayidka ee garoonka diyaaradaha ee Sao Vang ka hor, waddankeenu wuxuu hagaajiyay garoonka diyaaradaha wuxuuna u beddelay magaciisii ​​​​Tho Xuan Airport. Hadda, garoonku wuxuu qorsheynayaa inuu u adeego duulimaadyada rayidka ah ee la isku daray. Waxaa jira duulimaadyo ah Vietnam Airlines, Jetstar Pacific, Bamboo Airways iyo VietJet Air ilaa Ho Chi Minh City, Can Tho...

Marka laga soo tago 23-ka garoon ee rayidka ah ee kor ku xusan, dalkeennu waxa kale oo uu leeyahay 14 garoon diyaaradeed oo kale oo u adeegaya arrimo ciidan. Kuwani waa garoomo diyaaradeed oo ku yaal meelaha ugu muhiimsan, halkaasoo ciidamada difaaca hawada ee Vietnam lagu tababaro. 

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